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Suitability of Nansha Mangrove Wetland for High Nitrogen Shrimp Pond Wastewater Treatment

Abstract

To investigate mangroves of different land use types in Nansha county, China, we analyzed the corresponding N2O and CH4 emissions, water temperature, salinity, acidity and alkalinity, dissolved oxygen, redox potential, nitrate, nitrite, ammonia nitrogen, and organic matter at five sites. The removal rates of NO2, NO3, and NH4+ in mangrove wetlands were 43.6%, 41.2%, and 65.0%; however, CH4 and N2O emissions of mangrove affected by shrimp ponds are 2–3 times and 3–9 times more high than other wetlands. These results showed that, although mangrove wetlands can significantly reduce N, P, and other nutrient elements in shrimp pond wastewater, they can also significantly increase N2O and CH4 emissions. This indicates that mangrove wetlands should be used with caution for the treatment of shrimp pond wastewater.

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Correspondence to Jie Luo.

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Wang, D., Xie, X., Tang, W. et al. Suitability of Nansha Mangrove Wetland for High Nitrogen Shrimp Pond Wastewater Treatment. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 106, 349–354 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00128-020-03060-z

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Keywords

  • Greenhouse gas
  • Mangroves
  • Shrimp pond wastewater
  • Economic benefits