Skip to main content

Environmental Exposure-Associated Human Health Risk of Dioxin Compounds in the Vicinity of a Municipal Solid Waste Incinerator in Shanghai, China

Abstract

In order to assess environmental exposure-associated human health risk of dioxin compounds for the population in the vicinity of a municipal solid waste incinerator (MSWI) in Shanghai, the atmospheric samples (n = 24) and soils samples (n = 96) were collected and analyzed to obtain the concentration level, pollution characteristics and seasonal changes of dioxin compounds in environmental medias. The toxicity equivalent concentration range of 2,3,7,8-substituted polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzofurans (PCDD/Fs) was 30.9–409 fg WHO-TEQ·m−3 in atmosphere and 0.362–8.55 ng WHO-TEQ·kg−1 in soil. The non-carcinogenic health risk and carcinogenic health risk from PCDD/Fs environmental exposure of people living in the vicinity of the MSWI in Shanghai were all within the allowable range of the US Environmental Protection Agency, which implied that the MSWI in Shanghai did not produce additional risk for the population living in its vicinity.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3

References

  1. Cappelletti N, Astoviza M, Migoya MC, Colombo JC (2016) Airborne PCDD/F profiles in rural and urban areas of Buenos Aires province. Argentina Science of the Total Environment 573(15):1406–1412

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  2. Deng YY, Jia LJ, Yin HW (2008) Preliminary study on the level of dioxin-like compounds in soil of Shanghai. J Environ Occupational Med 25(4):353–359

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  3. Deng YY, Jia LJ, Li K et al (2011) Levels of PCDD/Fs in Agricultural Soils near Two Municipal Waste Incinerators in Shanghai, China. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 86(1):65–70

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  4. Ding L, Li YM, Wang P et al (2013) Spatial concentration, congener profiles and inhalation risk assessment of PCDD/Fs and PCBs in the atmosphere of Tianjin. China Chinese Science Bulletin 58(9):971–978

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  5. Duan XL (2016) Highlights of the Chinese exposure factors handbook(Children). China Environmental Science Press, Beijing, pp 31&170.

  6. Gao L, Zhang Q, Liu L, Li C, Wang Y (2014) Spatial and seasonal distributions of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzofurans and polychlorinated biphenyls around a municipal solid waste incinerator, determined using polyurethane foam passive air samplers. Chemosphere 114:317–326

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  7. Hao, Y. , Li, Y. , Wang, T. , Hu, Y. , Sun, H. , & Matsiko, J. , et al. (2017). Distribution, seasonal variation and inhalation risks of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzofurans, polychlorinated biphenyls and polybrominated diphenyl ethers in the atmosphere of beijing, china. Environmental Geochemistry & Health, 1–12.

  8. Heo J, Lee G (2014) Field-measured uptake rates of PCDDs/Fs and dl-PCBs using PUF-disk passive air samplers in Gyeonggi-do, South Korea. Sci Total Environ 491–492:42–50

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  9. Lee SJ, Choi SD, Jin GZ, Oh JE, Chang YS, Shin SK (2007) Assessment of pcdd/f risk after implementation of emission reduction at a mswi. Chemosphere 68(5): 0–863

  10. Li HR, Feng HL, Sheng GY et al (2008) The pcdd/f and pbdd/f pollution in the ambient atmosphere of shanghai China. Chemosphere 70(4):576–583

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  11. Liu LJ, Han JL, Fu JP, Yin WH, Yang YY (2016) Distribution characteristics and health risk assessment of PCDD/Fs in ambient pm_(10) in guangzhou. J Environment Health 33(5):415–420

    Google Scholar 

  12. Mari M, Schuhmacher M, Feliubadaló J (2008) Air concentrations of PCDD/Fs, PCBs and PCNs using active and passive air samplers. Chemosphere 70(9):1637–1643

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  13. Ministry of environmental protection of the people's Republic of China. Notice on Further Strengthening the environmental impact assessment management of biomass power generation project (HF [2008] No. 82), 2008–9–4

  14. Moussaoui Y, Tuduri L, Kerchich Y (2012) Atmospheric concentrations of PCDD/Fs, dl-PCBs and some pesticides in northern Algeria using passive air sampling. Chemosphere 88(3):270–277

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  15. Peng JL, Zhang JQ, Lu SY et al (2015) Levels of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzofurans in airborne fine particulate matter and inhalation risk assessment for local residents of shenzhen. Journal of Hygiene Research 44(4):570–575

    Google Scholar 

  16. Rovira J, Vilavert L, Nadal M, Schuhmacher M, Domingo JL (2015) Temporal trends in the levels of metals, PCDD/Fs and PCBs in the vicinity of a municipal solid waste incinerator. Preliminary assessment of human health risks. Waste Manage 43:168–175

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  17. Tian YJ, Nie ZQ, Tian SL et al (2015) Passive air sampling for determining the levels of ambient PCDD/Fs and their seasonal and spatial variations and inhalation risk in shanghai China. Environ Sci Pollution Res 22(17):13243–13250

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  18. US EPA (2005) Human health risk assessment protocol for hazardous waste combustion facilities. US EPA Press.

  19. US EPA (2009) Office of Solid Waste Emergency Response, Waste and Cleanup Risk Assessment. Risk Assessment Guidance for Superfund (RAGS), Volume I: Human Health Evaluation Manual (Part E, Supplemental Guidance for Dermal Risk Assessment) Interim.

  20. US EPA (2018) Office of Air Quality Planning and Standards, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina Technical Support Document EPA’s 2014 National Air Toxics Assessment, 2014 NATA TSD

  21. Van Hall Instituut (1997) VLIER-HUMAAN: a human exposure model embedded in flemish legislation. Risk Assessment in the Federal Government: Managing the Process. Washington D. C.: National Academy Press, 1983.

  22. Vilavert L, Nadal M, Schuhmacher M, Domingo JL (2012) Long-term monitoring of dioxins and furans near a municipal solid waste incinerator: human health risks. Waste Manage Res 30(9):908–916

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  23. Vilavert L, Nadal M, Schuhmacher M, Domingo JL (2015) Two decades of environmental surveillance in the vicinity of a waste incinerator: human health risks associated with metals and PCDD/Fs. Arch Environ Contam Toxicol 69(2):241–253

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  24. Nouwen J, Cornelis C, Defre R (2001) Health risk assessment of dioxin emissions from municipal waste incinerators:the Neerlandquarter (Wilrijk, Belgium). Chemosphere 43(4–7):909–923

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  25. WHO (1998) Executive Summary Report of “Assessment of the health risks of dioxins: re-evaluation of the Tolerable Daily Intake (TDI).

  26. Xu MX (2009) Environmental impact study on PCDD/F emissions from the municipal solid waste incineration plant (Doctoral dissertation, Zhejiang University)

  27. Ying YY (2010) Preliminary study on levels of PCDD/Fs in typical areas atmosphere and soils of Shanghai (Doctoral dissertation, East China University of Science and Technology).

  28. Yoonki M, Jongwon H, Meehye L (2014) Determination of toxic congeners of 17 PCDDs/PCDFs and 12 dl-PCBs using polyurethane foam passive air samplers in ten cities around Seoul. Sci Total Environ 491–492:17–27

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  29. Zhang LH, Wang E (2013) The ambient air dioxin levels and exposure risk in different functional zones of shenyang. Environ Pollution Control 35(2):82–84

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  30. Zhao XG, Duan XL (2014) Highlights of the Chinese exposure factors handbook(Adults). China Environmental Science Press, Beijing, pp 15&55.

Download references

Acknowledgements

The financial support by Shanghai Pudong New Area District Science and Technology Development Fund (Contract number: PKJ2015-C04) is greatly acknowledged.

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Y. Y. Deng.

Additional information

Publisher's Note

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Deng, Y.Y., Peng, P.A., Jia, L.J. et al. Environmental Exposure-Associated Human Health Risk of Dioxin Compounds in the Vicinity of a Municipal Solid Waste Incinerator in Shanghai, China. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 105, 173–179 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00128-020-02903-z

Download citation

Keywords

  • Dioxins
  • Passive sampling
  • Solid waste
  • Incinerator
  • Health risk