A DPSIR Approach to Selected Cr(VI) Impacted Groundwater Bodies of Central Greece

Abstract

The holistic approach of Driver-Pressure-State-Impact-Response (DPSIR) methodology was applied to selected Cr(VI) impacted groundwater bodies of Central Greece. The main driving forces in the study areas are agricultural activities, urban and industrial development as well as tourism. The main pressures induced by the anthropogenic activities are fertilizer use, uncontrolled urban sewage disposal and industrial effluents discharges. Groundwater stress is caused by the qualitative degradation due to Cr(VI), NO3, Cl and SO42− contamination. Hexavalent chromium occurrence is attributed to both geogenic and anthropogenic sources. The maximum Cr(VI) concentration (11.7 mg/L) was measured in Oinofyta area. Important impacts are the deterioration of groundwater body chemical status as well as the decline of groundwater use efficiency. Based on the applied DPSIR, a management framework is proposed in order to address the complex environmental issue of Cr(VI) in the study areas.

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Acknowledgements

This research was co-funded by the European Union (ERDF) and Greek national funds through the Operational Program "Competitiveness, Entrepreneurship and Innovation", under the ERANETMED 1st Joint Call on Water Resources (project acronym: CrITERIA/ project code: T3EPA-00004).

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Correspondence to Konstantina Pyrgaki.

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Pyrgaki, K., Argyraki, A., Kelepertzis, E. et al. A DPSIR Approach to Selected Cr(VI) Impacted Groundwater Bodies of Central Greece. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00128-020-02889-8

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Keywords

  • Hexavalent chromium
  • Geogenic chromium
  • Anthropogenic chromium
  • Groundwater management
  • Ultramafic rocks