In this study, the concentrations of 14 types of organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) and 7 types of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) in four freshwater fish species (Ctenopharyngodon idella, Cyprinus carpio, Hypophthalmichthys molitrix and Hypophthalmichthys nobilis) collected from nine lakes in Anhui Province were determined. Among these contaminants, only hexachlorobenzene (HCB), heptachlor, hexachlorocyclohexane (β- and γ-HCH), dichlorodiphenyldichloroethylene (p,p'-DDE) and PCB 101 were detected, and HCB had the highest measured concentrations while the heptachlor showed the lowest concentrations. In the four fish species, C. carpio preferred to accumulate more OCPs and PCBs than C. idellus. Moreover, the health risk assessments demonstrated that consumption of these fish species may pose both non-carcinogenic and carcinogenic risks, especially for children at high exposure level (95th). As the concentrations of contaminants in ventral muscle were higher than that in dorsal muscle, the consumption of ventral muscle should be limited to avoid the potential risk of OCPs and PCBs.
This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.
Buy single article
Instant access to the full article PDF.
Price includes VAT (USA)
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.
Aamir M, Khan S, Nawab J, Qamar Z, Khan A (2016) Tissue distribution of HCH and DDT congeners and human health risk associated with consumption of fish collected from Kabul River, Pakistan. Ecotox Environ Safe 125:128–134
Di SS, Liu RQ, Chen L, Diao JL, Zhou ZQ (2018) Selective bioaccumulation, biomagnification, and dissipation of hexachlorocyclohexane isomers in a freshwater food chain. Environ Sci Pollut R 25:18752–18761
Fair PA, White ND, Wolf B, Arnott SA, Kannan K, Karthikraj R et al (2018) Persistent organic pollutants in fish from Charleston Harbor and tributaries, South Carolina, United States: a risk assessment. Environ Res 167:598–613
Fu L, Lu XB, Tan J, Zhang HJ, Zhang YC, Wang SQ et al (2018) Bioaccumulation and human health risks of OCPs and PCBs in freshwater products of Northeast China. Environ Pollut 242:1527–1534
Gerber R, Smit NJ, Van Vuren JHJ, Nakayama SMM, Yohannes YB, Ikenaka Y et al (2016) Bioaccumulation and human health risk assessment of DDT and other organochlorine pesticides in an apex aquatic predator from a premier conservation area. Sci Total Environ 550:522–533
Golden C, Allison EH, Cheung WWL, Dey MM, Halpern BS, McCauley DJ et al (2016) Fall in fish catch threatens human health. Nature 534:317–320
Kannan K, Tanabe S, Tatsukawa R (1995) Geographical-distribution and accumulation features of organochlorine residues in fish in tropical Asia and Oceania. Environ Sci Technol 29:2673–2683
Pan LL, Sun JT, Li ZH, Zhan Y, Xu S, Zhu LZ (2018) Organophosphate pesticide in agricultural soils from the Yangtze River Delta of China: concentration, distribution, and risk assessment. Environ Sci Pollut R 25:4–11
Robinson T, Ali U, Mahmood A, Chaudhry MJI, Li J, Zhang G et al (2016) Concentrations and patterns of organochlorines (OCs) in various fish species from the Indus River, Pakistan: a human health risk assessment. Sci Total Environ 541:1232–1242
USEPA (2000) Guidance for assessing chemical contaminant data for use in fish advisories—volume 2: risk assessment and fish consumption limits, 3rd edn. USEPA, Washington, DC
Wang DQ, Yu YX, Zhang XY, Zhang DP, Zhang SH, Wu MH (2013) Organochlorine pesticides in fish from Taihu Lake, China, and associated human health risk assessment. Ecotox Environ Safe 98:383–389
Yin J, Wang L, Chen YY, Zhang DF, Hegazy AM, Zhang XZ (2019) A comparison of accumulation and depuration effect of dissolved hexavalent chromium (Cr6+) in head and muscle of bighead carp (Aristichthys nobilis) and assessment of the potential health risk for consumers. Food Chem 286:388–394
Yu YX, Wang XX, Yang D, Lei BL, Zhang XL, Zhang XY (2014) Evaluation of human health risks posed by carcinogenic and non-carcinogenic multiple contaminants associated with consumption of fish from Taihu Lake, China. Food Chem Toxicol 69:86–93
Zhang J, Liu F, Chen RB, Feng T, Dong SJ, Shen HQ (2012) Levels of polychlorinated biphenyls and organochlorine pesticides in edible shellfish from Xiamen (China) and estimation of human dietary intake. Food Chem Toxicol 50:4285–4294
This study was funded by the Special Fund for Agro-scientific Research in the Public Interest (Grant Number 201503108).
Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.
Electronic supplementary material
Below is the link to the electronic supplementary material.
About this article
Cite this article
Yin, J., Wang, L., Liu, Q. et al. Potential Human Health Risks of Organochlorine Pesticides (OCPs) and Polychlorinated Biphenyls (PCBs) Associated with Fish Consumption in Anhui Province, China. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 104, 840–845 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00128-020-02861-6
- Persistent organic pollutant
- Non-carcinogenic risk
- Carcinogenic risk
- Freshwater products