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Sawmill Activities Near the Lagos Lagoon, Nigeria: Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons and Embryotoxic Evaluations of Sediment Extracts Using Clarias gariepinus

Abstract

The physicochemical parameters and 16 priority PAHs in surface water, porewater and sediment at a sawmill wastes-impacted and High-Rise study sites on the Lagos lagoon in Nigeria were assessed. Further, the embryotoxic effects of sediment organic and porewater extracts from the study sites were evaluated in Clarias gariepinus (African sharptooth catfish) embryos for 26 h. High molecular weight PAHs dominated the PAHs profile especially in the sediment. Source apportionment of the PAHs in the three environmental matrices revealed mainly pyrogenic sources. Developmental abnormalities and decreased hatching success were observed in C. gariepinus embryos exposed to extracts from the Okobaba site compared to High-Rise study site. The results demonstrate the potential though non-significant ecological risk of sawmill activities near the lagoon on water quality and fisheries. Further studies are recommended to provide holistic evidence-based information to promote sustainable fisheries in the lagoon in support of the UN SDGs 13 (climate action) and 14 (life below water).

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Plate 1

Photo credit—a, c, d: Sogbanmu, T. O.—June to August 2016 (wet season) sampling pictures; b Sogbanmu, T. O.—February 2017 (dry season) sampling pictures

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Acknowledgement

This project was supported in part by funds from the PADI Foundation (CGA 21826) to TO Sogbanmu.

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Correspondence to Temitope O. Sogbanmu.

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The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Research Involving Human and Animal Rights

This study followed the principles in the Declaration of Helsinki on the humane treatment of animals used in research (https://www.wma.net/en/30publications/10policies/a18/) and the principles in the AVMA Guidelines for the euthanasia of animals (AVMA 2013).

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Sogbanmu, T.O., Fatunsin, O.T., Echebiri, F.O. et al. Sawmill Activities Near the Lagos Lagoon, Nigeria: Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons and Embryotoxic Evaluations of Sediment Extracts Using Clarias gariepinus. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 104, 809–819 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00128-020-02845-6

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Keywords

  • African sharptooth catfish
  • PAHs
  • Sediment organic extracts
  • SDGs
  • Lagos lagoon