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Waste Brick as Constructed Wetland Fillers to Treat the Tail Water of Sewage Treatment Plant

Abstract

Adopting the concept of "using waste to treat waste", the waste bricks will be used for constructed wetland filling. Integrated vertical-flow constructed wetland (IVCW) studied on the purification effect in influent water under three hydraulic loads (0.15, 0.25, 0.35 m/day). The results show that the waste bricks can be used as the carrier for the growth of the system biofilm, and have positive effects on the removal of pollutants in the influent water. Under three different hydraulic load conditions, the vertical flow of CWs can significantly reduce the load of water intake. In the low hydraulic load condition of 0.15 m/day, the average removal rates of chemical oxygen demand (COD), ammonia nitrogen (NH3-N), total nitrogen (TN), and total phosphorus (TP) can reach 66.52%, 72.10%, 56.53% and 91.55% in this system, respectively. The influent pool on removal efficiency of pollutants was obviously higher than that of the upper pool, especially in the inlet surface 0–30 cm ranges. This research has achieved the effect of using "waste" to treat wastewater, which has strong practical significance and popularization value.

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Acknowledgements

This work was financially supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 51768031) and the Key Research and Development Program in Gansu Province (Grant No. 17YF1NA056).

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Correspondence to Kai Ma.

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Zhang, G., Ma, K., Zhang, Z. et al. Waste Brick as Constructed Wetland Fillers to Treat the Tail Water of Sewage Treatment Plant. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 104, 273–281 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00128-020-02782-4

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Keywords

  • Constructed wetlands
  • Sewage treatment
  • Hydraulic loads
  • Waste bricks