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Dissipation of Pendimethalin in Soil Under Direct Seeded and Transplanted Rice Field

Abstract

The dissipation of pendimethalin applied in direct seeded rice (DSR) and transplanted rice (TPR) field at 1.0 and 2.0 kg a.i. ha−1 followed biphasic first order kinetics (R2 > 0.91) and was comparatively faster under flooded TPR than DSR. The half-life (DT50) of pendimethalin in the soil ranged from 2.22 to 2.80 days in the initial phase and 23.51 to 24.66 days in the final phase in TPR for both application rates. However in DSR, DT50 varied from 3.67 to 4.35 days in the initial phase and 34.19 to 34.99 days in the final phase. Residues of pendimethalin in soil samples analyzed by HPLC and GC–MS/MS were below the detection limit (< 0.003 µg g−1) for both the application rates in DSR and TPR whereas 0.003–0.009 µg g−1 and 0.003–0.008 µg g−1 residues of pendimethalin were found in rice grain and straw samples, respectively.

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Adapted from Kulshrestha and Singh (1992)

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Acknowledgements

The authors are obliged to the Director, Directorate of Weed Research, Jabalpur and Head Department of Agronomy, PAU, Ludhiana, for providing necessary facilities to carry out these studies.

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Correspondence to Pervinder Kaur.

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Makkar, A., Kaur, P., Kaur, P. et al. Dissipation of Pendimethalin in Soil Under Direct Seeded and Transplanted Rice Field. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 104, 293–300 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00128-019-02767-y

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Keywords

  • Biphasic first order kinetics
  • Direct seeded rice
  • HPLC
  • Maximum residue limit
  • Transplanted rice