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Spatial Distribution and Bio-accumulation of Cadmium and Lead in Soil, Rice and Vegetables in Typical Pollution Areas, China

Abstract

The adverse effects of Cd and Pb on human health have been widely reported. While, there were several typical pollution areas in China which has not been investigated comprehensively and deeply. In this study, 475 soil and 472 plant samples from these pollution areas were analyzed for Cd and Pb with ICP-MS. Here, the pollution levels of different areas were analyzed and compared; the spatial distributions in soil, rice and cabbage samples were illustrated in map; and the relationships of Cd and Pb in soil and rice, soil and cabbage were also discussed. The results showed that Cd pollution still existed in some south, central-south and south-east zones except other three zones located in suburb of Tianjin, north-east and north China which might be explained by the higher background values, soil acidity, Karst landscape and metallurgy industry. Comparatively, the Pb concentrations showed lower over-standard rate. Moreover, the spatial distribution of Cd and Pb in rice and cabbage showed similar trends with those of soil samples. Particularly, the average Cd and Pb concentrations in lettuces were much higher than those in other plants. Cd and Pb concentrations in rice and cabbage showed low linear dependence with the concentrations in soil. The results in this study added basic environmental data and would be helpful to future soil remediation of these areas.

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Acknowledgements

The study was financially supported by the National Key Research and Development Program of China: 2016YFD0201200 and 2016YFD0201201.

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Correspondence to Jungang Lv.

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Shi, R., Lv, J. & Liu, Y. Spatial Distribution and Bio-accumulation of Cadmium and Lead in Soil, Rice and Vegetables in Typical Pollution Areas, China. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 104, 307–313 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00128-019-02765-0

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Keywords

  • Spatial distribution
  • Bio-accumulation
  • Lead
  • Cadmium
  • Soil
  • Rice