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Effects of Heavy Metals Artificial Contamination on Porcellio laevis (Latreille, 1804) (Crustacea: Isopoda: Oniscidea)

Abstract

This study aimed at determining the competition of cadmium (Cd), lead (Pb), zinc (Zn) and copper (Cu) on their assimilation, on the food consumption and the growth of terrestrial isopod Porcellio laevis. Individuals were exposed to artificially contaminated litter of Quercus for 4 weeks and were weekly weighed. At the end of the experiment, the concentration of Cd, Pb, Zn and Cu in individuals were measured by atomic absorption spectrometry. Biological parameters such as growth, and bioaccumulation factor (BAF) were calculated and results from the various treatments were compared. Depending on metals, weight loss or gain were recorded for isopods during the four weeks of exposure. A weight loss was measured on individuals exposed to Cd-contaminated litter whereas a weight gain was highlighted for those exposed to the Zn-contaminated litter. BAF values revealed that P. laevis was macroconcentrator of Zn and Cu and deconcentrator of Cd and Pb.

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Acknowledgements

The study was supported by the Research Laboratory of Biodiversity, Management and Conservation of Biological Systems, Faculty of Science of Tunis, University of Tunis El Manar. The authors thank Mrs. Najua Abdelkefi, a language expert for English correction.

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Correspondence to Chedliya Ghemari.

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Ghemari, C., Waterlot, C., Ayari, A. et al. Effects of Heavy Metals Artificial Contamination on Porcellio laevis (Latreille, 1804) (Crustacea: Isopoda: Oniscidea). Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 103, 416–420 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00128-019-02684-0

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Keywords

  • Isopods
  • Microcosms
  • Heavy metals
  • Bioaccumulation