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Rapidness- and Sensitivity-Based Comparison of Behavioral and Respiratory Responses of European Perch and Rainbow Trout to Metal Mixture Exposure

Abstract

The aim of the study was to investigate acute (96-h LC50) toxicity of the complex metal (Zn, Pb, Cd, Cu, Ni and Cr) mixture (MIX) to European perch (Perca fluviatilis) and rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss), and to examine differences between locomotor and respiratory endpoints based on rapidness and sensitivity of fish responses to short-term (2 h) metal mixture exposure. MIX was prepared taking into consideration the maximum-permissible-concentrations (MPC) set for these metals in EU inland waters (Directive 2008/105/EC). The studied behavioral and respiratory responses of O. mykiss, in contrast to those of P. fluviatilis, were found to be significantly affected by the relationship between exposure duration and treatment. In O. mykiss, gill ventilation frequency (GVF) was found to be the most rapid and sensitive endpoint of all the investigated ones. However, the investigated behavioral and respiratory endpoints of P. fluviatilis showed its behavioral insensitivity to MIX exposure.

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Acknowledgements

This research was funded by the research infrastructure Open Access Centre for Nature Research at the initiative of the Open R&D Lithuania network. This work was funded by the Research Council of Lithuania, Project No MIP-108/2015, NanoTox and No. S-MIP-17–10, ACTIS.

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Correspondence to Tomas Makaras.

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Makaras, T., Montvydienė, D., Kazlauskienė, N. et al. Rapidness- and Sensitivity-Based Comparison of Behavioral and Respiratory Responses of European Perch and Rainbow Trout to Metal Mixture Exposure. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 103, 391–399 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00128-019-02682-2

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Keywords

  • Fish
  • Metal mixture
  • Sublethal effects
  • Locomotor activity
  • Respiratory endpoints
  • Rapid response