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Gammarus pulex as a Model Organism to Assess the Residual Toxicity of Slaughterhouse Wastewater Treated by Electrocoagulation Process

Abstract

It was assessed the efficiency of the electrocoagulation (EC) in slaughterhouse wastewater (SW) treatment by using antioxidant parameters of Gammarus pulex. The SW was treated by EC. Superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione peroxidase (GPx) and catalase (CAT) activities and malondialdehyde (MDA) levels in G. pulex exposed to pre- and post-treated of the SW during 24 h and 96 h were analysed. Standard methods were applied during the analysing process of the physicochemical quality parameters for both untreated and treated SW. All measured physicochemical parameters were decreased following the treatment process via EC. After the treatment process, it was observed that while SOD activities and MDA levels were decreased, CAT activities were increased and GPx activities did not exhibit any change. In conclusion, the present study demonstrated the abilities of untreated SW to promote oxidative stress in model organism. The SOD, CAT activities and MDA levels in G. pulex revealed that EC process were efficient in the SW treatment.

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Correspondence to Numan Yildirim.

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Yildirim, N.C., Tanyol, M., Serdar, O. et al. Gammarus pulex as a Model Organism to Assess the Residual Toxicity of Slaughterhouse Wastewater Treated by Electrocoagulation Process. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 103, 447–452 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00128-019-02666-2

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Keywords

  • Gammarus pulex
  • Slaughterhouse wastewater
  • Electrocoagulation process
  • Oxidative stress
  • Water quality