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Metal Accumulation in Muscle and Liver of the Common Nase (Chondrostoma nasus) and Vimba Bream (Vimbavimba) from the Danube River, Serbia: Bioindicative Aspects

Abstract

Accumulation of 17 elements in muscle and liver of common nase and vimba bream, caught between February and May 2016 in the Danube River (1173 river kilometer), were assessed by ICP-OES. The principal component analysis grouped muscle and liver samples based on element concentrations (muscle grouped by higher Ba and Sr values, and liver grouped by higher Al, B, Cd, Cr, Cu, Fe, Mn, and Zn values), but no grouping between the two species was observed. Concentrations of Ba, Cu, Fe, and Zn were significantly higher in muscle, and concentrations of Ba, Cd, Cu, and Mn in liver of common nase, while vimba bream had significantly higher concentrations of Cr and Fe in liver. Common nase has a higher affinity for bioaccumulation of Cu, Fe, and Zn in muscle, while vimba bream has a higher affinity for Al, Cd, and Cr in muscle.

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Acknowledgements

We acknowledge the support provided by the Project No. 173045, funded by the Ministry of Education, Science and Technological Development of the Republic of Serbia. The authors would like to thank Dr. Miroslav Nikolić and Dr. Ljiljana Kostić-Kravljanac for their help in analysis of metals.

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Correspondence to Srđan Subotić.

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Subotić, S., Višnjić-Jeftić, Ž., Đikanović, V. et al. Metal Accumulation in Muscle and Liver of the Common Nase (Chondrostoma nasus) and Vimba Bream (Vimbavimba) from the Danube River, Serbia: Bioindicative Aspects. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 103, 261–266 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00128-019-02657-3

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Keywords

  • Cyprinid fish
  • Metal bioaccumulation
  • Large river
  • ICP-OES
  • Pollution
  • Diet