Strontium Uptake and Effect in Lettuce and Radish Cultivated Under Hydroponic Conditions

  • Dong Yan
  • Shuifeng Wang
  • Kuke Ding
  • Yingxue He
  • Li Fan
  • Lixing Ding
  • Xiaoyan JiangEmail author


The accumulation of strontium (Sr) in lettuce and radish under 0 (control), 0.5, 1, 2.5, 5, and 10 mM Sr treatments in hydroponic solution at 16, 23 and 30 days and the effects of Sr stress on six nutrient elements in plants were investigated. The results showed that Sr concentrations in plant aerial and underground parts increased in low-Sr treatments (0.5, 1 and 2.5 mM) and fluctuated in high-Sr treatments (5 and 10 mM) throughout the three sampling periods. Sr concentrations were higher in roots than in leaves, reaching 108.8 ± 14.7 and 134.1 ± 1.2 mg/g in lettuce and radish roots, respectively, after 10 mM Sr treatment. Translocation factor (TF) values (ratio of the Sr concentrations in aerial parts to that in roots) were inversely related to the Sr content in the hydroponic solution, and reached 1.45 ± 0.17 to 0.15 ± 0.03 and 1.06 ± 0.20 to 0.12 ± 0.004 for lettuce and radish. The variation in chlorophyll content was consistent with that in plant biomass.


Strontium Uptake Translocation Nutrient elements 



This study was financially supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China (41672228) and Natural Science Foundation of Beijing Municipality (7172146).


  1. Al Attar L, Al-Oudat M, Safia B, Ghani BA (2015) Transfer factor of 90Sr and 137Cs to lettuce and winter wheat at different growth stage applications. J Environ Radioactiv 150:104–110CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Bidar G, Garçon G, Pruvot C, Dewaele D, Cazier F, Douay F, Shirali P (2007) Behavior of Trifolium repens and Lolium perenne growing in a heavy metal contaminated field: plant metal concentration and phytotoxicity. Environ Pollut 147:546–553CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Broadley MR, White PJ (2012) Some elements are more equal than others: soil-to-plant transfer of radiocaesium and radiostrontium, revisited. Plant Soil 355:23–27CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Cao Y, Zhang Y, Ma C, Li H, Zhang J, Chen G (2018) Growth, physiological responses, and copper accumulation in seven willow species exposed to Cu-a hydroponic experiment. Environ Sci Pollut R 25:19875–19886CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Chen M, Tang YL, Ao J, Wang D (2012) Effects of strontium on photosynthetic characteristics of oilseed rape seedlings. Russ J Plant Physiol 59:772–780CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Choi YH, Lee CW, Kim SR, Lee JH, Jo JS (1998) Effect of application time of radionuclides on their root uptake by Chinese cabbage and radish. J Environ Radioactiv 39:183–198CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Cobbett C, Goldsbrough P (2002) Phytochelatins and metallothioneins: roles in heavy metal detoxification and homeostasis. Annu Rev Plant Biol 53:159–182CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Gupta DK, Schulz W, Steinhauser G, Walther C (2018) Radiostrontium transport in plants and phytoremediation. Environ Sci Pollut R 25:29996–30008CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Kanter U, Hauser A, Michalke B, Draexl S, Schaeffner AR (2010) Caesium and strontium accumulation in shoots of Arabidopsis thaliana: genetic and physiological aspects. J Exp Bot 61:3995–4009CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Katayama H, Banba N, Sugimura Y, Tatsumi M, Kusakari S, Oyama H, Nakahira A (2013) Subcellular compartmentation of strontium and zinc in mulberry idioblasts in relation to phytoremediation potential. Environ Exp Bot 85:30–35CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Kim TW, Heinrich G (1997) Effect of strontium on chlorophyll content, peroxidase activity, and iron distribution in cell wells. J Plant Nutr 20:255–269CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. McGrath SP, Zhao FJ (2003) Phytoextraction of metals and metalloids from contaminated soils. Curr Opin Biotechnol 14:277–282CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Meier U (2001) Growth stages of mono-and dicotyledonous plants, 2nd ed. Federal Biological Research Centre for Agriculture and Forestry, Berlin, BraunschweigGoogle Scholar
  14. Moyen C, Roblin G (2010) Uptake and translocation of strontium in hydroponically grown maize plants, and subsequent effects on tissue ion content, growth and chlorophyll a/b ratio: comparison with Ca effects. Environ Exp Bot 68:247–257CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Moyen C, Roblin G (2013) Occurrence of interactions between individual Sr2+- and Ca2+-effects on maize root and shoot growth and Sr2+, Ca2+ and Mg2+ contents, and membrane potential: consequences on predicting Sr2+-impact. J Hazard Mater 260:770–779CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Rediske JH, Selders AA (1953) The absorption and translocation of strontium by plants. Plant Physiol 28:594–605CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Robinson NJ, Tommey AM, Kuske C, Jackson PJ (1993) Plant metallothioneins. Biochem J 295:1–10CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Soudek P, Valenová Š, Vavříková Z, Vaněk T (2006) 137Cs and 90Sr uptake by sunflower cultivated under hydroponic conditions. J Environ Radioactiv 88:236–250CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Sowa I, Wojciak-Kosior M, Strzemski M, Dresler S, Szwerc W, Bicharski T, Szymczak G, Kocjan R (2014) Biofortification of soy (Glycine max (L.) Merr.) with strontium ions. J Agric Food Chem 62:5248–5252CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Tian S, Peng H, Yang X, Lu L, Zhang L (2008) Phytofiltration of copper from contaminated water: Growth response, copper uptake and lignin content in Elsholtzia splendens and Elsholtzia argyi. B Environ Contam Toxicol 81:85–89CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Wang D, Wen F, Xu C, Tang Y, Luo X (2012) The uptake of Cs and Sr from soil to radish (Raphanus sativus L.)- potential for phytoextraction and remediation of contaminated soils. J Environ Radioactiv 110:78–83CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Wang X, Chen C, Wang J (2017) Phytoremediation of strontium contaminated soil by Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench and soil microbial community-level physiological profiles (CLPPs). Environ Sci Pollut R 24:7668–7678CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Yan D, Zhao Y, Wang S, Xu D, Zhou L (2014) Characteristics of cesium and strontium transport in a soil-soybean system. Fresenius Environ Bull 23:175–183Google Scholar
  24. Zabłudowska E, Kowalska J, Jedynak Ł, Wojas S, Skłodowska A, Antosiewicz DM (2009) Search for a plant for phytoremediation – what can we learn from field and hydroponic studies? Chemosphere 77:301–307CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Zheng W, Zhong Z, Wang H, Wang H, Wu D (2018) Effects of oxalic acid on arsenic uptake and the physiological responses of Hydrilla verticillata exposed to different forms of arsenic. B Environ Contam Toxicol 100:653–658CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Radiology, National Institute for Radiological ProtectionChinese Center for Disease Control and PreventionBeijingChina
  2. 2.Analytical and Testing CenterBeijing Normal UniversityBeijingChina

Personalised recommendations