Lead Pollution and Isotope Tracing of Surface Sediments in the Huainan Panji Coal Mining Subsidence Area, Anhui, China

Abstract

In this study, the provenance of anthropogenic lead, a major pollutant of surface sediments, was determined in Huainan Panji coal mining area. The lead concentrations and the pollution degree were investigated by the enrichment factor. Tessier five-step morphology extraction method was used to discuss its potential hazard. By comparing the lead isotope ratios of surface sediments and surrounding potential polluted end-members, the lead isotope ternary mixture model was appropriated to explore the sources and relative contribution fractions. The results showed that: (1) The lead concentrations ranged from 31.44 to 64.07 mg/kg which was mild-moderate pollution. (2) The chemical forms of lead were residue state > iron-manganese oxidation state > exchangeable state > organic state > carbonate state. (3) The anthropogenic lead in surface sediments originated from soil, vehicle exhaust, coal gangue. And the relative contribution fractions were 51.70%, 30.90%, and 17.40%.

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Acknowledgements

This work was financially supported by the Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 41373108; 41702176), Science and Technology Development Project of Anhui Traffic and Navigation Engineering (Grant No. JTHW-2017K1). We acknowledge editors and reviewers for polishing the language of the paper and for in-depth discussion.

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Correspondence to Liugen Zheng.

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Zheng, L., Liu, X., Tang, Q. et al. Lead Pollution and Isotope Tracing of Surface Sediments in the Huainan Panji Coal Mining Subsidence Area, Anhui, China. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 103, 10–15 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00128-019-02558-5

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Keywords

  • Coal-mining subsidence area
  • Surface sediment
  • Lead
  • Isotope ratio