Occurrence of Acetamiprid Residues in Water Reservoirs in the Cotton Basin of Northern Benin

Abstract

An Ultra performance liquid chromatography (UPLC) coupled to UV detection method was developed to determine acetamiprid residues in water reservoirs of northern Benin, close to cotton fields. The quantification limit of this method was 0.2 µg L−1 acetamiprid in water, its precision ranged between 8% and 22%, and its trueness between 99% and 117% (for concentrations ranging from 0.2 to 5.0 µg L−1). Acetamiprid residues were determined in water samples collected in four reservoirs from northern Benin during the phytosanitary treatment period of cotton. The minimum and maximum concentrations of acetamiprid residues in water were 0.2 and 7.7 µg L−1, respectively. These levels do not represent any risk for human consumption of this water, but indicate a regular use of acetamiprid, possibly together with other pesticides which could be more harmful for both humans and aquatic species.

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Acknowledgements

This study was performed with the financial support of the ARES-CCD (Academy of Research and Higher Education-Committee for Development Cooperation, Belgium) (Project AquaTox-Benin).

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Correspondence to Marie-Louise Scippo.

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Zoumenou, B.G.Y.M., Aïna, M.P., Imorou Toko, I. et al. Occurrence of Acetamiprid Residues in Water Reservoirs in the Cotton Basin of Northern Benin. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 102, 7–12 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00128-018-2476-4

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Keywords

  • Acetamiprid
  • Surface water
  • UPLC–UV
  • Agriculture
  • Cotton
  • Benin