Analytical Confirmation of Various Herbicides in Drinking Water Resources in Sugarcane Production Regions of Guangxi, China

  • Honghong Li
  • Yujie Feng
  • Xuesheng Li
  • Dongqiang Zeng
Article
  • 26 Downloads

Abstract

This work investigated drinking water contamination by 11 commonly used herbicides in sugarcane production areas in Guangxi, China. The work developed an analytical method for determination of these herbicides in environmental waters. This work studied herbicide residues in drinking water in Guangxi, China. The maximum residues and percent of detects were: (0.091 µg/L, 29.2%, atrazine), (0.018 µg/L, 8.3%, ametryne), (0.188 µg/L, 8.3%, aetolaehlor), (0.139 µg/L, 4%, simazine), (0.585 µg/L, 62.5%, atrazine), (0.311 µg/L, 33.3%, acetochlor), (0.341 µg/L, 58.3%, ametryne), (1.312 µg/L, 29.2%, metolachlor), (0.088 µg/L, 4.2%, alachlor), (0.127 µg/L, 14.3%, atrazine), and (0.453 µg/L, 7.1%, metolachlor), respectively. The results demonstrated that agricultural herbicides were detected in all water samples, including tap, surface and groundwater samples. Since the residues are generally below the safe limits established by the government authorities, the monitored 11 herbicides do not significantly affect the quality of the human environment. This work will provide scientific understanding of pesticide residues in drinking water standards in terms of its consistency with precautionary human health and environmental safety.

Keywords

Maximum contaminant level MCL Herbicide Groundwater Drinking water 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors acknowledge the funding from China National Key R&D Projects of Comprehensive Evaluation and Optimization of Environmental Effects of Chemical Fertilizers and Pesticides [No. 2016YFD0201208-4] and Guangxi Key Laboratory Cultivation Base of Agro-Environment and Agro-Product Safety (2016,133).

References

  1. Balinova A (1996) Strategies for chromatographic analysis of pesticide residues in water. J Chromatogr A 754:125–135.  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(96)00409-8 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Barbash J, Thelin G, Kolpin D, Gilliom R (2001) Major herbicides in ground water. J Environ Qual 30:831–845CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Battaglin W, Furlong E, Burkhardt M, Peter C (2000) Occurrence of sulfonylurea, sulfonamide, imidazolinone, and other herbicides in rivers, reservoirs and ground water in the Midwestern United States, 1998. Sci Total Environ 248:123–133CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Berijani S, Assadi Y, Anbia M, Hosseini MR, Aghaee E (2006) Dispersive liquid–liquid microextraction combined with gas chromatography-flame photometric detection. J Chromatogr A 1123:1–9.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2006.05.010 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Beyer A, Biziuk M (2008) Applications of sample preparation techniques in the analysis of pesticides and PCBs in food. Food Chem 108:669–680.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2007.11.024 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Boström U, Fogelfors H (2002) Long-term effects of herbicide-application strategies on weeds and yield in spring-sown cereals. Weed Sci 50:196–203CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Chu J, Ding Y, Zhuang Q (2006) Invasion and control of water hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes) in China. J Zhejiang Univ Sci B 7:623–626CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Díez C, Traag W, Zommer P, Marinero P, Atienza J (2006) Comparison of an acetonitrile extraction/partitioning and “dispersive solid-phase extraction” method with classical multi-residue methods for the extraction of herbicide residues in barley samples. J Chromatogr A 1131:11–23.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2006.07.046 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Dolan T, Howsam P, Parsons DJ, Whelan MJ (2016) Is the EU drinking water directive standard for pesticides in drinking water consistent with the precautionary principle? Environ Sci Technol 47:4999–5006CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. EPA (1990) National Pesticide Survey, Summary Results of EPA’s National Survey of Pesticides in Drinking Water Wells. https://nepis.epa.gov/Exe/ZyPURL.cgi?Dockey=10003H1X.TXT (Accessed 6 Mar 2018)
  11. EPA (1992) National Pesticide Survey, Update and Summary of Phase II Results. EPA 570/9-91-021. https://nepis.epa.gov/Exe/ZyPURL.cgi?Dockey=10003HK3.TXT (Accessed 6 Mar 2018)
  12. Gerecke A, Schärer M, Singer H, Müller S, Schwarzenbach R, Sägesser M, Ochsenbein U, Popow G (2002) Sources of pesticides in surface waters in Switzerland: pesticide load through waste water treatment plants—current situation and reduction potential. Chemosphere 48:307–315.  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0045-6535(02)00080-2 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Hamilton DJ, Anbrus A, Dieterle RM, Felsot AS, Harris CA, Holland PT, Katayama A, Kurihara N, Unsworth J, Wong SS (2003) Regulatory limits for pesticide residues in water, IUPAC Technical Report. Pure Appl Chem 75(8):1123–1155. https://www.iupac.org/publications/pac/2003/pdf/7508x1123.pdf (Accessed 6 Mar 2018)
  14. Hladik ML, Smalling KL, Kuivila KM (2008) A multi-residue method for the analysis of pesticides and pesticide degradates in water using HLB solid-phase extraction and gas chromatography–ion trap mass spectrometry. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 80:139–144.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s00128-007-9332-2 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Jenkins A, Yin R, Jensen J (2001) Molecularly imprinted polymer sensors for pesticide and insecticide detection in water. Analyst 126:798–802CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Konstantinou I, Hela D, Albanis T (2006) The status of pesticide pollution in surface waters (rivers and lakes) of Greece. Part I. Review on occurrence and levels. Environ Pollut 141:555–570.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2005.07.024 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Kouzayha A, Al Ashi A, Al Akoum R, Al Iskandarani M, Budzinski H, Jaber F (2013) Occurrence of pesticide residues in Lebanon’s water resources. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 91:503–509.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s00128-013-1071-y CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Laganà A, Bacaloni A, De Leva I, Faberi A, Fago G, Marino A (2002) Occurrence and determination of herbicides and their major transformation products in environmental waters. Anal Chim Acta 462:187–198.  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0003-2670(02)00351-3 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Lampman W (1995). Susceptibility of ground water to pesticide and nitrate contamination in predisposed areas of southwestern Ontario. Water Qual Res J Can 30:443–468Google Scholar
  20. Li Y, Yang LT (2015) Sugarcane agriculture and sugar industry in China. Sugar Tech 17:1–8.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s12355-014-0342-1 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Liu L, Bai L, Man C, Liang W, Li F, Meng X (2015) DDT vertical migration and formation of accumulation layer in pesticide-producing sites. Environ Sci Technol 49:9084–9091.  https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.est.5b02456 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Müller K, Magesan G, Bolan N (2007) A critical review of the influence of effluent irrigation on the fate of pesticides in soil. Agric Ecosyst Environ 120:93–116.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agee.2006.08.016 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Nicolopoulou-Stamati P, Maipas S, Kotampasi C, Stamatis P, Hens L (2016) Chemical pesticides and human health: the urgent need for a new concept in agriculture. Front Pub Health 4:148.  https://doi.org/10.3389/fpubh.2016.00148 Google Scholar
  24. Shakerkhatibi M, Mosaferi M, Jafarabadi MA, Lotfi E, Belvasi M (2014) Pesticides residue in drinking groundwater resources of rural areas in the northwest of Iran. Health Promot Perspect 4:195–205.  https://doi.org/10.5681/hpp.2014.026. https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/a8ab/687e9d66e513b31eb6fc804635ca9f9ff14a.pdf (Accessed 6 Mar 2018)
  25. Tanabe A, Mitobe H, Kawata K, Yasuhara A, Shibamoto T (2001) Seasonal and spatial studies on pesticide residues in surface waters of the Shinano River in Japan. J Agric Food Chem 49:3847–3852.  https://doi.org/10.1021/jf010025x CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. VoPham T, Bertrand K, Hart J, Laden F, Brook M, Yuan J, Talbott E, Ruddell D, Chang C, Weissfeld J (2017) Pesticide exposure and liver cancer: a review. Cancer Causes Control 28:177–190CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Zhang Z, Jiang W, Jian Q, Song W, Zheng Z, Ke C, Liu X (2014) Thiabendazole uptake in Shimeji, King Oyster, and Oyster Mushrooms and its persistence in sterile and nonsterile substrates. J Agric Food Chem 62:1221–1226.  https://doi.org/10.1021/jf405208h CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Honghong Li
    • 1
  • Yujie Feng
    • 1
  • Xuesheng Li
    • 1
  • Dongqiang Zeng
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Pesticide and Environmental Toxicology, Cultivation Base of Guangxi Key Laboratory for Agro-Environment and Agro-Product SafetyGuangxi UniversityNanningChina

Personalised recommendations