Heavy Metal Contamination and Ecological Risk Assessment of Swine Manure Irrigated Vegetable Soils in Jiangxi Province, China

  • Maolan Wang
  • Ronghao Liu
  • Xiuying Lu
  • Ziyi Zhu
  • Hailin Wang
  • Lei Jiang
  • Jingjing Liu
  • Zhihua Wu


Heavy metal are often added to animal fodder and accumulate in the soils with swine manure. In this study, heavy metal (Cu, Pb, Cd, Zn, As and Cr) concentrations were determined in agricultural soils irrigated with swine manure in Jiangxi Province, China. Results showed that the average concentrations of Cu, Zn, As and Cr (32.8, 93.7, 21.3 and 75.8 mg/kg, respectively) were higher than the background values, while Pb and Cd (15.2 and 0.090 mg/kg, respectively) were lower than the background values. Contamination factors \(\left( {C_{f}^{i}} \right)\) indicated that they were generally moderate for Cu, Zn, As and Cr and generally low for Pb and Cd. The contamination degree (C d ) was calculated to be 7.5–10.0 indicating a moderate degree of contamination. The geoaccumulation index (Igeo) indicated that the soils were unpolluted with Zn, Cd and Pb, while unpolluted to moderately pollute with Cr, Cu and As. The single ecological risk factor \(\left( {E_{r}^{i}} \right)\) revealed that the six heavy metals all belonged to low ecological risk. The ecological risk indices suggested that all the sampling sites were at low risk level.


Heavy metals Swine manure irrigation Soil contamination Potential ecological risk Jiangxi Province 



This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 41663004), the Open Project Program of State Key Laboratory of Food Science and Technology, Nanchang University (No. SKLF-KF-201619), and the Open Project Program of the Key Laboratory of Poyang Lake Environment and Resource Utilization Ministry of Education, Nanchang University (No. PYH2015-02).


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Maolan Wang
    • 1
  • Ronghao Liu
    • 1
  • Xiuying Lu
    • 1
  • Ziyi Zhu
    • 1
  • Hailin Wang
    • 1
  • Lei Jiang
    • 1
  • Jingjing Liu
    • 1
  • Zhihua Wu
    • 1
  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Food Science and Technology, The Key Laboratory of Poyang Lake Environment and Resource Utilization Ministry of Education, School of Resources Environmental and Chemical EngineeringNanchang UniversityNanchangChina

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