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Combined Amendments of Nano-hydroxyapatite Immobilized Cadmium in Contaminated Soil-Potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) System

Abstract

The toxicity of cadmium (Cd) has posed major public health concern in crops grown in the Cd-contaminated soils. The effects of five amendments, nano-hydroxyapatite (n-HA) and it combined with lime, zeolite, bone mill and fly ash on Cd immobilization in soils and uptake in potatoes, were investigated in a contaminated soil by pot experiments. The result showed that the applications of combined amendments significantly decreased the bioavailable Cd concentrations extracted by TCLP, DTPA–TEA and MgCl2 in the contaminated soils, and changed the soluble and exchangeable and specifically sorbed fractions to oxide-bound and organic-bound fractions. Compared to the control group, the concentrations of Cd in the potato tubers grown in n-HA, n-HA + Fly ash, n-HA + Lime, n-HA + Bone mill and n-HA + Zeolite soil were reduced 17.4%, 20.7%, 15.2%, 32.6% and 39.1%, respectively. Nano-hydroxyapatite combined amendments was more effective in reducing bioavailable Cd concentrations and Cd accumulations in potatoes, especially for n-HA + Z.

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Acknowledgements

This research was financially supported by Hebei Province Science and Technology Plan projects (16227508D), 2011 plan of Hebei Province and College Science Technology Research Project of Hebei Province (QN2016134).

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Correspondence to Lei Wang.

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Liu, C., Wang, L., Yin, J. et al. Combined Amendments of Nano-hydroxyapatite Immobilized Cadmium in Contaminated Soil-Potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) System. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 100, 581–587 (2018). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00128-018-2299-3

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Keywords

  • Cadmium
  • Potato
  • Soil remediation
  • Bioavailable fraction
  • Sequential extraction