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Comparison of Some Soil Fungi in Bioremediation of Herbicide Acetochlor Under Agitated Culture Media

Abstract

In this study, we aimed to find out the biodegradation efficiency of some soil fungi types on herbicide acetochlor with acetochlor active material, chemical oxygen demand (COD), biochemical oxygen demand (BOD5) and total organic carbon (TOC) parameters. We also try to determine the population dynamics of these fungi via turbidity. The fungi cultures were isolated from agricultural field in in Thrace region of Turkey. Each fungi enriched in malt extract broth media and 1 mL of these enriched media was inoculated into 100 mL of acetochlor solutions that suggested for using application concantrations in agricultural field for farmers (11000 mg L−1) for sunflower and corn agriculture. Bioremediation results of acetochlor have shown different results according to the types of fungi. Our results indicate that Tolypocladium geodes and Cordyceps cicadae might be used in acetochlor bioremediation with a significant acetochlor, COD, TOC and BOD5 reduction and can be used for rehabilitation of agricultural fields or receiving environments for removal the opposite effects of acetochlor or other herbicides.

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Acknowledgements

Thanks to Assist. Prof. Dr. Hurrem Bayhan for his valuable comments for graphics and results.

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Correspondence to Gokhan Onder Erguven.

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Erguven, G. Comparison of Some Soil Fungi in Bioremediation of Herbicide Acetochlor Under Agitated Culture Media. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 100, 570–575 (2018). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00128-018-2280-1

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Keywords

  • Soil fungi
  • Acetochlor
  • Chemical oxygen demand
  • Biochemical oxygen demand
  • Total organic carbon
  • Turbidity