Effect of Soil Amendments on Microbial Resilience Capacity of Acid Soil Under Copper Stress

  • Vassanda Coumar Mounissamy
  • Samaresh Kundu
  • Rajendiran Selladurai
  • Jayanta Kumar Saha
  • Ashish Kumar Biswas
  • Tapan Adhikari
  • Ashok Kumar Patra


An incubation study was undertaken to study microbial resilience capacity of acid soil amended with farmyard manure (FYM), charcoal and lime under copper (Cu) perturbation. Copper stress significantly reduced enzymatic activities and microbial biomass carbon (MBC) in soil. Percent reduction in microbial activity of soil due to Cu stress was 74.7% in dehydrogenase activity, 59.9% in MBC, 48.2% in alkaline phosphatase activity and 15.1% in acid phosphatase activity. Soil treated with FYM + charcoal showed highest resistance index for enzymatic activities and MBC. Similarly, the highest resilience index for acid phosphatase activity was observed in soil amended with FYM (0.40), whereas FYM + charcoal-treated soil showed the highest resilience indices for alkaline, dehydrogenase activity and MBC: 0.50, 0.22 and 0.25, respectively. This investigation showed that FYM and charcoal application, either alone or in combination, proved to be better than lime with respect to microbial functional resistance and resilience of acid soil under Cu perturbation.


Microbial resilience Soil enzymes Microbial biomass carbon Copper stress Soil amendments 



This work is a part of the World Bank Sponsored National Agricultural Innovation Project (NAIP) Sub-project C-2060 and the authors thankfully acknowledge the support and encouragement received from NAIP (ICAR). The author sincerely thanks Dr. Vidhya Iyer for English language editing during manuscript preparation.

Supplementary material

128_2017_2173_MOESM1_ESM.doc (52 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOC 52 KB)


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Vassanda Coumar Mounissamy
    • 1
  • Samaresh Kundu
    • 1
  • Rajendiran Selladurai
    • 1
  • Jayanta Kumar Saha
    • 1
  • Ashish Kumar Biswas
    • 1
  • Tapan Adhikari
    • 1
  • Ashok Kumar Patra
    • 1
  1. 1.ICAR-Indian Institute of Soil ScienceBhopalIndia

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