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Fabrication of Metal–Organic Framework MOF-177 Coatings on Stainless Steel Fibers for Head-Space Solid-Phase Microextraction of Phenols

Abstract

Direct head-space solid-phase microextraction (HS-SPME) of phenols in water is usually difficult due to its polarity and solubility in aqueous matrix. Herein we report the fabrication of metal–organic framework MOF-177 coated stainless steel fiber for the HS-SPME of phenols (2-methylolphenol, 4-methylolphenol, 2,4-dimethylolphenol, 2,4-dichlorphenol, and 3-methyl-4-chlorophenol) in environmental water samples prior to the gas chromatography-mass spectrometry detection. Several parameters affecting the extraction efficiency were optimized in the experiment, including extraction temperature and time, the pH value and salt addition. The results indicated that the coated fiber gave low detection limits (0.015–0.043 μg L−1) and good repeatability with the RSD ranging from 2.8% to 5.5% for phenols. The recoveries are between 84.5%–98.6% with the spiked level of 10 μg L−1 for the real water samples. The established method may afford a kind of potential enrichment material and a reference method for the analysis of methylphenols in water samples.

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Acknowledgements

This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant 21207121) and the Science and Technology Projects of Guangdong Province (Nos. 2016B020211004 and 2014B010108016).

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Correspondence to Guan-Hua Wang.

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Wang, GH., Lei, YQ. Fabrication of Metal–Organic Framework MOF-177 Coatings on Stainless Steel Fibers for Head-Space Solid-Phase Microextraction of Phenols. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 99, 270–275 (2017). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00128-017-2101-y

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Keywords

  • Phenols
  • MOFs
  • Solid-phase microextraction
  • GC–MS