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Cadmium Uptake by Cuttings of Impatiens walleriana in Response to Different Cadmium Concentrations and Growth Periods

Abstract

Impatiens walleriana (I. walleriana), a potential cadmium (Cd) hyperaccumulator, can propagate by cuttings, which are less expensive to grow than seedlings. Different growth periods for cuttings, however, may lead to different physiological characteristics. In this study, I. walleriana cuttings were hydroponically grown in Cd-containing solutions (1.0–10.0 μM) for various growth periods (10–60 days). Experimental results showed that the Cd treatments had negative effects on growth compared to the controls that were not spiked with Cd. The extension of the growth period promoted most of the growth exhibitions of I. walleriana, except for SPAD readings for cuttings grown in the 5.0 and 10.0 μM solutions. The accumulation of Cd also increased over time, except in the roots of the cuttings grown in the 5.0 and 10.0 μM solutions. The subcellular distribution and chemical forms of Cd showed that I. walleriana developed better tolerance and detoxification capacities in the cuttings grown in the 5.0 and 10.0 μM solutions than in the cuttings grown in the other two Cd treatments.

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Acknowledgments

The authors thank the Ministry of Science and Technology of the Republic of China for financially supporting this research under Contract No. MOST 104-2313-B-451-001. We also thank the students of the Soil Survey and Environmental Analysis Laboratory, Department of Post-Modern Agriculture, MingDao University, for their assistance during pot experiment and experimental analysis.

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Correspondence to Hung-Yu Lai.

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Lai, HY., Lam, CM., Wang, WZ. et al. Cadmium Uptake by Cuttings of Impatiens walleriana in Response to Different Cadmium Concentrations and Growth Periods. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 98, 317–322 (2017). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00128-016-1874-8

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Keywords

  • Cadmium
  • Chemical form
  • Impatiens walleriana
  • Phytoextraction
  • Subcellular distribution