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Heavy Metal Concentrations in Fish Species from Three Gorges Reservoir, China, After Impoundment

Abstract

The concentrations of Pb, Cr, Cd, As, and Hg were analyzed in the muscles of eleven fish species collected from the Wanzhou section of the Three Gorges Reservoir, Yangtze River, China. The results showed that the concentrations of Pb, Cr, Cd, As, and Hg in the muscles of all of the fish species were lower than the proposed limits. The metal concentrations (Pb, Cr, Cd, and As) of pelagic fish species were found to be substantially lower than those in benthic fish species. The concentrations of Hg in carnivorous fish were higher than those in omnivorous fish. Compared with data obtained prior to the impoundment of the Three Gorges Reservoir, the concentration of Hg in the fish did not significantly increase after impoundment, while the concentrations of Pb, Cr, Cd, and As in the fish decreased.

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Acknowledgments

This study was supported by the Natural Science Foundation Project of Chongqing (cstc2013jjB80008, cstc2012jjA20017), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (31300338).

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Correspondence to Jian Li or Xiaojun Xie.

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Li, J., Xie, X. Heavy Metal Concentrations in Fish Species from Three Gorges Reservoir, China, After Impoundment. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 96, 616–621 (2016). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00128-016-1772-0

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Keywords

  • Heavy metal
  • Fish
  • Three Gorges Reservoir
  • Yangtze River