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Levels of PCBs in Oysters Coming from Galicia Coast: Comparison to Mussels from the Same Region

Abstract

PCBs were analyzed in two species of oyster (Crassostrea gigas and Ostrea edulis) cultured in intertidal beds and rafts coming from the Galician Rías during the period 2011–2014. PCBs were also analyzed in mussel (Mytilus galloprovincialis) collected in the same Rías during 2011. The main objective of this work is to investigate the distribution of PCBs in Galician oysters and to study their suitability as bioindicator in comparison to mussels. The levels of ΣPCBs (ten congeners) ranged from 5.58 to 179.49 ng g−1 d.w. The effect of biological parameters (shell length, lipid content and condition index) on bioaccumulation of PCBs was also evaluated. ANOVA showed a statistically significant difference between species for higher chlorinated biphenyls (CBs 153 and 138). The spatial patterns were investigated. Principal Component Analysis (PCA) showed differences between geographical areas (Rías Altas, Centrales and Baixas) in the distribution of PCBs.

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Correspondence to N. Carro.

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Carro, N., García, I., Ignacio, M. et al. Levels of PCBs in Oysters Coming from Galicia Coast: Comparison to Mussels from the Same Region. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 96, 608–615 (2016). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00128-016-1763-1

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Keywords

  • PCBs
  • Bioindicator
  • Oyster
  • Mussel
  • Galician Rías
  • Biomonitor