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Assessment of Constructed Wetland in Nutrient Reduction, in the Commercial Scale Experiment Ponds of Freshwater Prawn Macrobrachium rosenbergii

Abstract

A free water surface constructed wetland (CW) was integrated into two commercial ponds of Macrobrachium rosenbergii, to evaluate the role of CW in reducing the excess nutrient concentration and other pollutants produced from the aquaculture waste. Hydraulic residence time was kept constant (24 h). There was a significant (p < 0.05) decrease in total suspended solids (TSS, 73.2 ± 15.4 %) and total nitrogen (TN, 39.6 ± 44.2 %) between wetland inflow and wetland outflow. The performance of the CW was highly impacted by the low concentration of dissolved nutrients at the inflow of CW. Results showed about 43.8 ± 24.6 % NO3 , 25.7 ± 23.0 % NH4 +, 14.3 ± 1.0 % NO2 , 28.4 ± 18.8 % DIN and 13.1 ± 10.0 % PO4 3− were removed. In agreement with previous published investigations, comparing values of pollutants before and after recirculation, this study concludes that a CW system can provide good water quality and minimize external water input.

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Acknowledgments

This study was supported by Project 973-3 (No. 2011CB409801). The authors would like to thanks the Shanghai Jinshan Shrimp farms in providing the facilities and full access for this study. Tariq Mahmood is also grateful to the students of Shanghai Ocean University and East China Fisheries Research Institute to help in the field and laboratory works. Thanks to China Scholarship Council (CSC) for providing the Ph.D. scholarship.

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Correspondence to Tariq Mahmood.

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Mahmood, T., Zhang, J. & Zhang, G. Assessment of Constructed Wetland in Nutrient Reduction, in the Commercial Scale Experiment Ponds of Freshwater Prawn Macrobrachium rosenbergii . Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 96, 361–368 (2016). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00128-015-1713-3

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Keywords

  • Macrobrachium rosenbergii
  • Constructed wetland
  • Nutrient
  • Water re-circulation