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Interspecific and Spatial Comparisons of Perfluorinated Compounds in Bighead and Silver Carp in the Illinois River, Illinois, USA

Abstract

We examined perfluoroalkyl compounds (PFC) in bighead (BHCP; Hypophthalmichthys nobilis) and silver (SVCP; H. molitrix) carp from the Illinois River, Illinois, USA. Summed PFC concentrations in whole fish did not differ by species or river reach. Perfluorooctanesulfonate (PFOS) concentrations were much greater in whole fish (16.4 ng/g) than in fillets (3.4 ng/g). PFOS concentrations represented 35 %–51 % of total measured PFC concentrations in whole fish, and in fillets were weakly associated with carcass mass (R2 = 0.17, p = 0.01) and  % carcass lipid (R2 = 0.16, p = 0.01). No such relationship was observed in whole fish. The relationship between concentrations of individual PFC congeners in whole fish and carcass mass or % lipid content varied by species. Our study demonstrated that filter-feeders such as BHCP and SVCP can accumulate measureable concentrations of PFC and these results are important for understanding the fate of these compounds in large river systems.

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Acknowledgments

This study was conducted with USEPA Great Lakes Restoration Initiative funds provided by the US Fish and Wildlife Service through the Illinois Department of Natural Resources (IDNR). Additional support was provided by Illinois-Indiana Sea Grant. Special thanks to Kevin Irons, Tom Heavisides and Steve Schultz, IDNR, David Glover and John Bowzer, Southern Illinois University at Carbondale, and Amy Dickinson and Diane Greer, Illinois Natural History Survey.

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Correspondence to Levengood JM.

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JM, L., Soucek, D., Sass, G. et al. Interspecific and Spatial Comparisons of Perfluorinated Compounds in Bighead and Silver Carp in the Illinois River, Illinois, USA. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 95, 561–566 (2015). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00128-015-1646-x

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Keywords

  • Perfluorinated compounds
  • PFOS
  • Carp
  • Hypophthalmichthys
  • Illinois River