Skip to main content

Impact of Coastal Pollution on Microbial and Mineral Profile of Edible Oyster (Crassostrea rivularis) in the Coastal Waters of Andaman

Abstract

The impact of coastal pollution was studied using edible oysters, Crassostrea rivularis as an indicator at two sites viz., North Wandoor (NW) and Phoenix Jetty (PJ) in Port Blair, Andaman. The hydrographic parameters showed that nitrite, nitrate and phosphate concentration were less and dissolved oxygen were more at NW compared to PJ. The oysters were collected from the study sites and biochemical, microbial, mineral profiles and ATPase activities were estimated. ATPase activity was inhibited in the gill tissue of oysters (p < 0.05) of PJ sample. Total microbial load in the water and oyster, and coliform bacteria (MPN) in the water were significantly (p < 0.05) higher at PJ compared to the NW. There was no significant difference (p > 0.05) in the mineral profile of water collected from both the sites. However, calcium and magnesium were more in the oysters collected from NW (p < 0.05), and Cu, Zn and Cd were more in PJ samples (p < 0.05).

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Fig. 1

References

  1. Ahlawat SPS, Dam Roy S, Soundararajan R, Mandal AB, Chatterjee RN, Singh DB, Shiva KN, Madhu K, Sheeja TE, Veenakumari K, Sharma TVRS (2002) Flora and fauna of Andaman and Nicobar islands. Central Agricultural Research Institute, Port Blair, pp 18–24

    Google Scholar 

  2. Altekruse SF, Bishop RD, Baldy LM, Thompson SG, Wilson SA, Ray BJ, Griffin PM (2000) Vibrio gastroenteritis in the US Gulf of Mexico region: the role of raw oysters. Epidemiol Infect 124:489–495

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  3. Altug G, Balkıs N (2009) Levels of some toxic elements and frequency of bacterial heavy metal resistance in sediment and sea water, Turkey. Environ Monit Assess 49:61–69

    Article  Google Scholar 

  4. APHA (1998) Standard methods for the examination of water and wastewater, 20th edn. American Public Health Association, Washington

    Google Scholar 

  5. Bose R, De A, Sen G, Mukherjee AD (2012) Comparative study of the physico chemical parameters of the coastal waters in rivers Matla and Saptamukhi: impacts of coastal water coastal pollution. J Water Chem Technol 34:246–251

    Article  Google Scholar 

  6. Burgeo T, Bocquene G, Porte C, Dimeet J, Santella RM, De La Parra LMG, Pfhol-Leszkowicz A, Raoux C, Galgani F (1996) Bioindicators of pollutant exposure in the northwestern Mediterranean Sea. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 131:125–141

    Article  Google Scholar 

  7. Cajaraville MP, Bebianno MJ, Blasco J, Porte C, Sarasquete C, Viarengo A (2000) The use of biomarkers to assess the impact of pollution in coastal environments of the Iberian Peninsula: a practical approach. Sci Total Environ 247:295–311

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  8. Codex Alimentarius Commission (2006) Report: International Conference Centre, Geneva, Switzerland. Joint FAO/WHO Food Standards Programme. www.codexalimentarius.org/input/download/report/662/al29_41e.pdf

  9. Cotou E, Castritsi-Catharios I, Moraitou-Apostolopoulou M (2001) Surfactant-based oil dispersant toxicity to developing nauplii of Artemia: effects on ATPase enzymatic system. Chemosphere 42:959–964

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  10. CPCB (Central Pollution Control Board) (1986) Water quality standards for coastal waters marine outfalls. In: Schedule-I: standards for emission or discharge of environmental pollutants from various industries, pp 486–489

  11. De la Torre FR, Salibian A, Ferrari L (2000) Biomarkers assessment in juvenile Cyprinus carpio exposed to waterborne cadmium. Environ Pollut 10:277–282

    Article  Google Scholar 

  12. Domingos FXV, Azevedo M, Silva MD, Randi MAF, Freire CA, Silva de Assis HC, Ribeiro CAO (2007) Multibiomarker assessment of three Brazilian estuaries using oysters as bioindicators. Environ Res 105:350–363

    Article  Google Scholar 

  13. EC (2001) Commission Regulation (EC) No 466/2001. Off J Eur Communities 1(77):1–13

    Google Scholar 

  14. Feldhusen F (2000) The role of seafood in bacterial food borne diseases. Microbes Infect 2(13):1651–1660

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  15. Fernandes C, Fontainhas-Fernandes A, Peixoto F, Salgado MA (2007) Bioaccumulation of heavy metals in Liza saliens from the Esomriz-Paramos coastal lagoon, Portugal. Ecotoxicol Environ Saf 66:426–431

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  16. FSANZ (Food Standards Australia New Zealand) (2008) Australia New Zealand food standards code (incorporating amendments up to and including amendment 97). Anstat Pty Ltd., Melbourne

    Google Scholar 

  17. FSSAI (2012) All fish and fish products. FSSAI lab parameters for imported food & methods for standardization. Order: F. No. 06/QAS/2012?Important issues/FSSAI. http://www.fssai.gov.in/Portals/0/Pdf/Final_Lab_Parameters(21-08-2012).pdf

  18. Goksu MZL, Akar M, Cevük F, Findik O (2005) Bioaccumulation of some heavy metals (Cd, Fe, Zn, Cu) in two bivalvia species (Pinctada radiata Leach, 1814 and Brachidontes pharaonis Fischer, 1870). Turk J Vet Anim Sci 29:89–93

    Google Scholar 

  19. Gopal K, Ram MD, Agarwal D (1993) Some physiological consequences of fresh water fish, Channa punctatus after exposure to lindane. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 50:187–191

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  20. Goudie A (1990) The human impact on the natural environment, 3rd edn. Blackwell, Basil

    Google Scholar 

  21. Kaaya A, Nijimi S, Ribera D, Narbonne JF, Moukrim A (1999) Characterization of glutathione S-transferase (GST) activities in Perna perna and Mytilus galloprovincialis used as biomarkers of pollution in the Agadir Marine Bay (South Morocco). Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 62:623–629

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  22. Kumar PKK, Pillai VK, Valsala KK (1990) Bioaccumulation of trace metals by marine flora and fauna near a caustic soda plant (Karwar, India). Indian J Fish 37(2):129–137

    Google Scholar 

  23. Lapage S, Shelton J, Mitchell T (1970) Methods in microbiology. In: Norris J, Rippons D (eds), vol 3A. Academic Press, London

  24. Lin S, Hsie IJY (1999) Occurrences of green oyster and heavy metals contaminant levels in the Sien-San Area, Taiwan. Mar Pollut Bull 38:960–965

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  25. Livingstone DR (1993) Biotechnology and pollution monitoring—use of molecular biomarkers in the aquatic environment. J Chem Technol Biotechnol 57:195–211

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  26. Moe CL (1997) Waterborne transmission of infectious agents. In: Hurst CJ, Knudsen GR, Mcinerney MJ, Stetzenbach LD, Walter MV (eds) Manual of environmental microbiology. American Society for Microbiology Press, Washington, pp 136–152

    Google Scholar 

  27. Mok JS, Yoo HD, Kim PH, Yoon HD, Park YC, Lee TS, Kwon JY, Son KT, Lee HJ, Ha KS, Shim KB, Kim JH (2015) Bioaccumulation of heavy metals in oysters from the southern coast of Korea: assessment of potential risk to human health. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 94:749–755

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  28. Mosher Shad, Gregory Cope W, Weber Frank X, Kwak Thomas J, Shea Damian (2012) Assessing accumulation and sub-lethal effects of lead in a unionid mussel. Walkerana 15(1):60–68

    Google Scholar 

  29. Nauen CE (1983) Compilation of legal limits for hazardous substances in fish and fishery products. FAO Fish Circ 764:102p

    Google Scholar 

  30. Nielsen FH (2000) Importance of making dietary recommendations for elements designated as nutritionally beneficial, pharmacologically beneficial, or conditionally essential. J Trace Elem Exp Med 13:113–129

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  31. Oblinger JL, Koburger JA (1975) Understanding and teaching the most probable number technique. J Milk Food Technol 38(9):540–545

    Google Scholar 

  32. Parvez S, Sayeed I, Raisuddin S (2006) Decreased gill ATPase activities in the freshwater fish Channa punctata (Bloch) exposed to a diluted paper mill effluent. Ecotoxicol Environ Saf 65(1):62–66

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  33. Reddy PM, Philip GH (1994) In vivo inhibition of AchE and ATPase activities in the tissues of freshwater fish, Cyprinus carpio exposed to technical grade cypermethrin. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 52:619–626

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  34. Ricciardi F, Binelli A, Provinmi A (2006) Use of two biomarkers (CYP450 and acetyl cholinesterase) in zebra mussel for the biomonitoring of Lake Maggiore (northern Italy). Ecotoxicol Environ Saf 63:406–412

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  35. Rojas de Astudillo L, Yen IC, Bekele I (2005) Heavy metals in sediments, mussels and oysters from Trinidad and Venezuela. Rev Biol Trop 53(1):41–53

    Google Scholar 

  36. Romeo M, Hoarau P, Garello G, Gnassia-Barelli M, Girard JP (2003) Mussel transplantation and biomarkers as useful tools for assessing water quality in the NW Mediterranean. Environ Pollut 122:369–378

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  37. Sarma K, Kumar A, George Grinson, Krishnan P, Prabakaran K, Roy Sibnarayan Dam, Srivastava RC (2012) Impact of coastal pollution on biological, biochemical and nutritional status of edible oyster in Phoenix Bay Jetty and North Wandoor of Andaman. Indian J Anim Sci 83(3):89–90

    Google Scholar 

  38. Smitha VB, Philip B (2011) Effect of ethanol on branchial adenosine triphosphatases in Oreochromis mossambicus (Peters). Toxicol Int 18(1):27–30

    Article  Google Scholar 

  39. Soto-Jimenez M, Paez-Osuna F, Morales-Hernandez F (2001) Selected trace metals in oysters (Crassostrea iridescens) and sediments from the discharge zone of the submarine sewage outfall in Mazatlan Bay (southeast Gulf of California): chemical fractions and bioaccumulation factors. Environ Pollut 114:357–370

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  40. Swarnakumar NS, Sahu MK, Sivakumar K, Thangaradjou T (2008) Assessment of microbial pollution in the coastal environs of the little Andaman island, India. Indian J Mar Sci 37:146–152

    Google Scholar 

  41. Therasita Mary M, Jansi M (2014) Analysis of microbial distribution in two fish landing centres at Kanyakumari District. Int J Environ Biol 4(1):13–16

    Google Scholar 

  42. Turkmen M, Turkmen A, Tepe Y, Tore Y, Ates A (2009) Determination of metals in fish species from Aegean and Mediterranean seas. Food Chem 113:233–237

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  43. Xia P, Meng X, Yin P, Cao Z, Wang X (2011) Eighty-year sedimentary record of heavy metal inputs in the intertidal sediments from the Nanliu River estuary, Beibu Gulf of South China Sea. Environ Pollut 159:92–99

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  44. Xu Y, Wang WX, Hsieh DPH (2001) Influences of metal concentration in phytoplankton and seawater on metal assimilation and elimination in marine copepods. Environ Toxicol Chem 20:1067–1077

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Acknowledgments

The authors are grateful to the Director, Central Agricultural Research Institute, Port Blair for providing the facilities during this study.

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Kamal Sarma.

Ethics declarations

Conflict of interest

For this manuscript, authors declare that they have no conflict of interest. The present work is a part of a dissertation work of the first author for the award of M.Sc. Degree and the work was carried out at Central Agricultural Research Institute, Port Blair. In the acknowledgement section, authors have acknowledged the facilities received from the Director of Central Agricultural Research Institute, Port Blair.

Ethical Standard

It is hereby declared that the experiments conducted (as mentioned in the manuscript) comply with the current laws of the country, India.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Seetharaman, P., Sarma, K., George, G. et al. Impact of Coastal Pollution on Microbial and Mineral Profile of Edible Oyster (Crassostrea rivularis) in the Coastal Waters of Andaman. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 95, 599–605 (2015). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00128-015-1601-x

Download citation

Keywords

  • Oyster
  • Crassostrea rivularis
  • Atpases
  • Coliform bacteria
  • Mineral
  • Pollution