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Heavy Metal Bioaccumulation and Health Hazard Assessment for Three Fish Species from Nansi Lake, China

Abstract

Metal accumulation in fish is a global public health concern, because the consumption of contaminated fish accounts for the primary exposure of humans to toxic metals. In this study, the concentrations of arsenic (As), cadmium (Cd), lead (Pb), and mercury (Hg) in Crucian carp (Carassius auratus),Yellow catfish (Pelteobagrus fulvidraco), and Bighead carp (Hypophthalmichthys nobilis) from Nansi Lake of China were evaluated, and compared with the corresponding historical values in 2001 when the government started to govern water environment effectively. Bioaccumulation of heavy metal was highest in P.fulvidraco, followed by C.auratus and H.nobilis. The concentrations of Pb, As, Cd were much lower than the historical values, but Hg concentration was higher, suggesting that heavy metal pollution problem in fish from Nansi Lake still exists. Health hazard assessment showed no health risk from exposure to Pb, As, Cd, and Hg by consuming fish from this lake.

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Acknowledgments

This work was supported by the Independent Innovation Foundation of Shandong University (No. 2012JC029), Natural Science Foundation for Distinguished Young Scholars of Shandong Province (No. JQ201216), Shandong Provincical Natural Science Foundation, China (2009ZRB019Y9), Independent Innovation Foundation of Shandong University (2014JC023).

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Correspondence to Jian Zhang.

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Li, P., Zhang, J., Xie, H. et al. Heavy Metal Bioaccumulation and Health Hazard Assessment for Three Fish Species from Nansi Lake, China. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 94, 431–436 (2015). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00128-015-1475-y

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Keywords

  • Heavy metals
  • Fish bioaccumulation
  • Nansi Lake