Skip to main content

Sediment Quality Evolution (2001–2011) in the Ebro River Basin (Spain)

Abstract

Spatio-temporal variations in sediment quality (20 sample sites) of the Ebro River basin between 2001 and 2011 have been assessed. The self-organizing map classified the sediment samples according to similarities in their chemical compositions. Its powerful visualization tools helped establish the main pollution contribution on each sample. Most of the samples showed low values of the mean-probable effect concentration quotient through time. However, six samples presented several quality issues related to some trace elements or polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons. Finally, geoaccumulation index values calculated using estimates of background trace element concentrations suggested anthropogenic influences in more than half of the samples.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3

References

  1. Álvarez-Guerra M, González-Piñuela C, Andrés A, Galán B, Viguri JR (2008) Assessment of Self-Organizing Map artificial neural networks for the classification of sediment quality. Environ Int 34:782–790

    Article  Google Scholar 

  2. Ghrefat H, Yusuf N (2006) Assessing Mn, Fe, Cu, Zn, and Cd pollution in bottom sediments of Wadi Al-Arab Dam, Jordan. Chemosphere 65:2114–2121

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  3. Ingersoll CG, MacDonald DD, Wang N, Crane JL, Field LJ, Haverland PS, Kemble NE, Lindskoog RA, Severn C, Smorong DE (2001) Predictions of sediment toxicity using consensus-based freshwater sediment quality guidelines. Arch Environ Contam Toxicol 41:8–21

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  4. Ji Y, Feng Y, Wu J, Zhu T, Bai Z, Duan C (2008) Using geoaccumulation index to study source profiles of soil dust in China. J Environ Sci 20:571–578

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  5. Kohonen T (2001) Self-Organizing Maps. Springer, Berlin

    Book  Google Scholar 

  6. MacDonald DD, Ingersoll CG, Berger TA (2000) Development and evaluation of consensus-based sediment quality guidelines for freshwater ecosystems. Arch Environ Contam Toxicol 39:20–31

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  7. Navarro-Ortega A, Tauler R, Lacorte S, Barceló D (2010) Occurrence and transport of PAHs, pesticides and alkylphenols in sediment samples along the Ebro River Basin. J Hydrol 383:5–17

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  8. Rodríguez-Barroso MR, Benhamou Y, El Moumni B, El Hatimi Y, García-Morales JL (2009) Evaluation of metal contamination in sediments from north of Morocco: geochemical and statistical approaches. Environ Monit Assess 159:169–181

    Article  Google Scholar 

  9. Rubio B, Nombela MA, Vilas F (2000) Geochemistry of major and trace elements in sediments of the Ria de Vigo (NW Spain): an assessment of metal pollution. Mar Pollut Bull 40:968–980

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  10. Terrado M, Barcelo D, Tauler R (2006) Identification and distribution of contamination sources in the Ebro river basin by chemometrics modelling coupled to geographical information systems. Talanta 70:691–704

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  11. Turekian KK, Wedepohl KH (1961) Distribution of the elements in some major units of the earth’s crust. Geol Soc Am 72:175–192

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  12. Vesanto J, Himberg J, Alhoniemi E, Parhankangas J (2000). SOM Toolbox for Matlab 5. Technical Report A57. Neural Networks Research Centre, Helsinki University of Technology, Helsinki, Finland

  13. Veses O, Mosteo R, Ormad MP, Ovelleiro JL (2012) Potential toxicity of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and organochlorine pesticides in sediments from the Ebro River Basin in Spain. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 88:644–650

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  14. Veses O, Mosteo R, Ormad MP, Ovelleiro JL (2013) Potential risk assessment of trace elements and PAHs in sediment samples of the Ebro river basin (Spain). Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 90:136–142

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  15. Yunker MB, MacDonald RW, Vingarzan R, Mitchell RH, Goyett D, Sylvestre S (2002) PAHs in the Fraser River basin: a critical appraisal of PAH ratios as indicators of PAH source and composition. Org Geochem 33:489–515

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Acknowledgments

This research was supported by MICINN-FEDER funding through CTM2008-01876/TECNO project and DGA-FSE. We wish to thank the University of Zaragoza and the Ebro Hydrographical Confederation for additional support.

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Oscar Veses.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Veses, O., Mosteo, R., Ormad, M.P. et al. Sediment Quality Evolution (2001–2011) in the Ebro River Basin (Spain). Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 92, 334–340 (2014). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00128-014-1209-6

Download citation

Keywords

  • Sediment quality
  • TEC
  • PEC
  • m-PECQ
  • SOM