Surfactants in Runoff Water at Different Locations in Bandar Baru Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia

  • W. N. F. W. Azmi
  • M. T. LatifEmail author
  • N. B. A. Wahid
  • I. S. Razak
  • S. Suratman


A study has been conducted to determine the composition of surfactants in runoff water in the semi-urban area of Bandar Baru Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia. Runoff samples were collected from five different locations with contrasting functional activities and the colorimetric method was used to analyze the concentrations of surfactants as methylene blue active substances (MBAS) for anionic surfactants and as disulphine blue active substances (DBAS) for cationic surfactants. The results showed that the highest surfactant concentrations of MBAS and DBAS in runoff water were recorded in the samples collected at the residential area, with the concentrations of 3.192 ± 0.727 and 0.170 ± 0.028 μmol/L, respectively. Anionic surfactants as MBAS were found to dominate the concentration of surfactants in both runoff and rainwater. The concentrations of both anionic and cationic surfactants in runoff water were recorded as being higher than in rainwater.


Surfactant MBAS DBAS Runoff water Semi-urban area 



This study was funded by the Ministry of Science, Technology and Innovation of Malaysia (MOSTI) for the E-Science Fund 04-01-02-SF0752 Grant. Special thanks to Ms. K. Alexander for assistance with the proofreading of this manuscript.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • W. N. F. W. Azmi
    • 1
    • 2
  • M. T. Latif
    • 2
    Email author
  • N. B. A. Wahid
    • 2
    • 3
  • I. S. Razak
    • 2
  • S. Suratman
    • 4
    • 5
  1. 1.Environmental Health Research CentreInstitute for Medical ResearchKuala LumpurMalaysia
  2. 2.School of Environmental and Natural Resource Sciences, Faculty of Science and TechnologyUniversiti Kebangsaan MalaysiaBangiMalaysia
  3. 3.Department of Biology, Faculty of Science and MathematicsUniversiti Pendidikan Sultan IdrisTanjung MalimMalaysia
  4. 4.Institute of Oceanography and EnvironmentUniversiti Malaysia TerengganuKuala TerengganuMalaysia
  5. 5.Environmental Research Group, School of Marine Science and EnvironmentUniversiti Malaysia TerengganuKuala TerengganuMalaysia

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