Surfactants in Runoff Water at Different Locations in Bandar Baru Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia
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A study has been conducted to determine the composition of surfactants in runoff water in the semi-urban area of Bandar Baru Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia. Runoff samples were collected from five different locations with contrasting functional activities and the colorimetric method was used to analyze the concentrations of surfactants as methylene blue active substances (MBAS) for anionic surfactants and as disulphine blue active substances (DBAS) for cationic surfactants. The results showed that the highest surfactant concentrations of MBAS and DBAS in runoff water were recorded in the samples collected at the residential area, with the concentrations of 3.192 ± 0.727 and 0.170 ± 0.028 μmol/L, respectively. Anionic surfactants as MBAS were found to dominate the concentration of surfactants in both runoff and rainwater. The concentrations of both anionic and cationic surfactants in runoff water were recorded as being higher than in rainwater.
KeywordsSurfactant MBAS DBAS Runoff water Semi-urban area
This study was funded by the Ministry of Science, Technology and Innovation of Malaysia (MOSTI) for the E-Science Fund 04-01-02-SF0752 Grant. Special thanks to Ms. K. Alexander for assistance with the proofreading of this manuscript.
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