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Background Concentrations of Heavy Metals in Benthos from Transboundary Rivers of the Transbaikalia Region, Russia

  • Aleksei Petrovich Kuklin
  • Petr Viktorovich MatafonovEmail author
Article

Abstract

The concentrations (mg/kg dry weight) of Cu, Zn, As, Cd, Hg, and Pb were measured in benthic macroalgae and invertebrates collected in the upper transboundary tributaries of the Onon River, Transbaikalia, Russia. The background concentration ranges in Cladophora fracta, Ulothrix zonata and Zygnemataceae were: 6.4–9.1 for Cu, 27.2–73.1 for Zn, 0.4–0.9 for Cd, 6.7–35.3 for As, 0.01–0.02 for Hg, and 1.9–4.3 for Pb. In Brachycentrus americanus and Lymnaea media the concentration ranges were: 9.0–25.5 for Cu, 21.4–96.0 for Zn, 0.1–0.3 for Cd, 1.7–5.6 for As, 0.004–0.02 for Hg, and 0.4–2.2 for Pb. The concentrations of Cu, Zn, Pb, and Hg were consistent with data for uncontaminated areas. Under contamination conditions the concentrations in C. fracta were: 938 for Zn, 513 for Pb, and 9.5 for Cd; in Lymnaea media were: 46.8 for Cu, 176 for Zn, 52.3 for Pb, and 3.0 for Cd. All the organisms showed a common response to contamination, and consequently can be used as biomonitors of contamination by heavy metals.

Keywords

Metals Contamination Biomonitors Macroalgae Snail Caddisflies 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This research was a part of a project funded by the RFFR-Zabaikalsky krai No. 11-05-98034-r_siberia_a.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Aleksei Petrovich Kuklin
    • 1
  • Petr Viktorovich Matafonov
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Institute of Natural Resources, Ecology and CryologySiberian Branch of the Russian Academy of SciencesChitaRussia

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