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Effects of Cadmium, Copper and Zinc on Growth of Four Isolated Algae from a Highly Polluted Argentina River

Abstract

Toxicity of cadmium, copper and zinc was tested on four green algal species (Ankistrodesmus fusiformis, Chlorella ellipsoidea, Monoraphidium contortum and Scenedesmus acuminatus) isolated from a highly polluted river (Matanza–Riachuelo River, Buenos Aires, Argentina). The relative abundance of these species in river waters showed that C. ellipsoidea was the most abundant species (mean 4,540 ind mL−1), whereas the less abundant species was S. acuminatus (mean 220 ind mL−1). The most sensitive species was A. fusiformis, which EC50 were Cd = 141 μg L−1, Cu = 72 μg L−1, and Zn = 199 μg L−1, whereas C. ellipsoidea was the most resistant species to copper (EC50 = 489 μg L−1) and cadmium (EC50 = 429 μg L−1), and M. contortum and S. acuminatus were the most resistant species to zinc (EC50 = 381 and 394 μg L−1, respectively).

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Correspondence to Anahí Magdaleno.

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Magdaleno, A., Vélez, C.G., Wenzel, M.T. et al. Effects of Cadmium, Copper and Zinc on Growth of Four Isolated Algae from a Highly Polluted Argentina River. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 92, 202–207 (2014). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00128-013-1171-8

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Keywords

  • Cadmium
  • Copper
  • Zinc
  • Green algae
  • Native algae
  • Toxicity