The toxicities of butene-fipronil to Drosophila melanogaster were evaluated, in comparison to nine conventional insecticides. According to the mean LD50 values of the larvae from CS, w 1118 and Oregan strains, butene-fipronil, abamectin, spinosad and chlorpyrifos exhibited high levels of toxicity. Imidacloprid, α-cypermethrin and clothianidin showed middle levels of toxicity. And acephate, methomyl and acetamiprid had low levels of toxicity. To the adults, butene-fipronil, α-cypermethrin, spinosad, and chlorpyrifos were relatively more toxic, whereas acephate, methomyl, acetamiprid, imidacloprid, clothianidin and abamectin were relatively less toxic. Butene-fipronil and abamectin were more toxic to larvae. In contrast, spinosad, α-cypermethrin, and clothianidin were more toxic to adults. Moreover, the toxic risk assessment using a risk quotient value revealed that butene-fipronil was safe to D. melanogaster adults. Thus, our results suggested that butene-fipronil is harmful to D. melanogaster larvae, but it is relatively safe to the adults.
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This research was supported by the National Basic Research Program of China (973 Program, No. 2010CB126200).
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Arain, M.S., Hu, XX. & Li, GQ. Assessment of Toxicity and Potential Risk of Butene-fipronil Using Drosophila melanogaster, in Comparison to Nine Conventional Insecticides. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 92, 190–195 (2014). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00128-013-1155-8
- Risk assessment