Skip to main content

Occurrence and Partitioning of Phenolic Endocrine-Disrupting Chemicals (EDCs) Between Surface Water and Suspended Particulate Matter in the North Tai Lake Basin, Eastern China

Abstract

Concentrations and distribution of octylphenol (OP), nonylphenol (NP), and bisphenol A (BPA) in surface water and suspended particulate matter (SPM) from the north Tai Lake basin, China were studied. Aqueous and particulate (dry weight) concentrations for OP, NP, and BPA varied from 10.5–1,175 ng/L to <1.52–5,365 ng/g, respectively. The spatial distribution of endocrine-disrupting chemicals (EDCs) in dissolved and particulate phases showed that the amount of EDCs in water that were adsorbed to SPM gradually increased from upstream to downstream. There were good correlations between particulate EDCs and particulate organic carbon, with correlation coefficients of 0.46–0.57. Regression analysis of in situ SPM–water partition coefficients (log K’ oc) and log K ow for EDCs indicated that the hydrophobicity of chemicals greatly contributed to their SPM–water partitioning. Strong positive correlations (r = 0.68–0.82) among in situ log K’ oc of OP, NP, and BPA and flow velocity of water were observed, indicating the critical importance of riverine hydrodynamics on the sorption of these compounds.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3
Fig. 4
Fig. 5

References

  1. Ahel M, Giger W (1993) Aqueous solubility of alkylphenols and alkylphenol polyethoxylates. Chemosphere 26:1461–1470

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  2. Düring RA, Krahe S, Gäth S (2002) Sorption behavior of nonylphenol in terrestrial soils. Environ Sci Technol 36:4052–4057

    Article  Google Scholar 

  3. Gong J, Ran Y, Chen D, Yang Y, Zeng EY (2012) Association of endocrine-disrupting chemicals with total organic carbon in riverine water and suspended particulate matter from the Pearl River, China. Environ Toxicol Chem 31:2456–2464

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  4. Heemken O, Reincke H, Stachel B, Theobald N (2001) The occurrence of xenoestrogens in the Elbe River and the North Sea. Chemosphere 45:245–259

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  5. Huang Y, Wong C, Zheng J, Bouwman H, Barra R, Wahlström B, Neretin L, Wong M (2011) Bisphenol A (BPA) in China: a review of sources, environmental levels, and potential human health impacts. Environ Int 42:91–99

    Article  Google Scholar 

  6. Isobe T, Nishiyama H, Nakashima A, Takada H (2001) Distribution and behavior of nonylphenol, octylphenol, and nonylphenol monoethoxylate in Tokyo metropolitan area: their association with aquatic particles and sedimentary distributions. Environ Sci Technol 35:1041–1049

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  7. Johnson A, White C, Besien T, Jürgens M (1998) The sorption potential of octylphenol, a xenobiotic oestrogen, to suspended and bed-sediments collected from industrial and rural reaches of three English rivers. Sci Total Environ 210:271–282

    Article  Google Scholar 

  8. Kolpin DW, Skopec M, Meyer MT, Furlong ET, Zaugg SD (2004) Urban contribution of pharmaceuticals and other organic wastewater contaminants to streams during differing flow conditions. Sci Total Environ 328:119–130

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  9. Li D, Kim M, Shim WJ, Yim UH, Oh JR, Kwon YJ (2004) Seasonal flux of nonylphenol in Han River, Korea. Chemosphere 56:1–6

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  10. Navarro A, Endo S, Gocht T, Barth JAC, Lacorte S, Barceló D, Grathwohl P (2009) Sorption of alkylphenols on Ebro River sediments: comparing isotherms with field observations in river water and sediments. Environ Pollut 157:698–703

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  11. Patrolecco L, Capri S, De Angelis S, Pagnotta R, Polesello S, Valsecchi S (2006) Partition of nonylphenol and related compounds among different aquatic compartments in Tiber River (central Italy). Water Air Soil Pollut 172:151–166

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  12. Soares A, Guieysse B, Jefferson B, Cartmell E, Lester J (2008) Nonylphenol in the environment: a critical review on occurrence, fate, toxicity and treatment in wastewaters. Environ Int 34:1033–1049

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  13. Staples CA, Dorn PB, Kleĉka GM, O’Block ST, Branson DR, Harris LR (2000) Bisphenol A concentrations in receiving waters near US manufacturing and processing facilities. Chemosphere 40:521–525

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  14. Tan BLL, Hawker DW, Müller JF, Leusch FDL, Tremblay LA, Chapman HF (2007) Modelling of the fate of selected endocrine disruptors in a municipal wastewater treatment plant in South East Queensland, Australia. Chemosphere 69:644–654

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  15. Zhang YZ, Tang CY, Song XF, Li FD (2009) Behavior and fate of alkylphenols in surface water of the Jialu River, Henan Province, China. Chemosphere 77:559–565

    Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Acknowledgments

This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 41203081, 21277083, 41071164) and Central Level Scientific Research Institutes for Basic R&D Special Fund Business (GYK1291101). The authors also thank Kate Bentsen (Chinese Research Academy of Environmental Science) for editing the manuscript for grammar.

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Yi-zhang Zhang.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Zhang, Yz., Meng, W. & Zhang, Y. Occurrence and Partitioning of Phenolic Endocrine-Disrupting Chemicals (EDCs) Between Surface Water and Suspended Particulate Matter in the North Tai Lake Basin, Eastern China. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 92, 148–153 (2014). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00128-013-1136-y

Download citation

Keywords

  • Nonylphenol
  • Octylphenol
  • Bisphenol A
  • Surface water
  • Suspended particulate matter
  • Tai Lake