Skip to main content

Occurrence of Higher Chlorinated Benzenes in Livers of Grass Carp and Common Carp Collected from Markets of Xinxiang, China


Five higher chlorinated benzenes (including hexachlorobenzene (HCB), pentachlorobenzene (PeCB) and three isomers of tetrachlorobenzens) were measured in the livers of grass carp and common carp collected from five markets in Xinxiang city, China. HCB and PeCB were detected in all samples. The major component of the higher CBs residue was HCB and significant correlations existed between HCB and PeCB in both grass carp and common carp livers. The ratio range of HCB/PeCB in grass carp and common carp were 3.4–6.2 and 4.9–7.7, respectively, which implied the sources of higher CBs originate mainly from the revolatilization of industrial HCB with a minor impact from PeCB.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.


  1. Bailey RE, van Wijk D, Thomas PC (2009) Sources and prevalence of pentachlorobenzene in the environment. Chemosphere 75:555–564

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  2. Binelli A, Provini A (2003) POPs in edible clams from different Italian and European markets and possible human health risk. Mar Pollut Bull 46:879–886

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  3. Braekevelt E, Tittlemier SA, Tomy GT (2003) Direct measurement of octanol-water partition coefficients of some environmentally relevant brominated diphenyl ether congeners. Chemosphere 51:563–567

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  4. Cheng DX, Yang ZZ, Wang XT, Sun YZ, Xu XB (2006) Organochlorine pesticides in tissues of catfish (silurus asotus) from Guanting Reservoir, People’s Republic of China. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 76:766–773

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  5. Fu S, Li K, Yang Z, Xu XB (2008) Contamination status of hexachlorobenzene (HCB) in sandstorm depositions from Beijing and the origination region. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 81:196–199

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  6. Guo Y, Meng XZ, Tang HL, Zeng EY (2008) Tissue distribution of organochlorine pesticides in fish collected from the Pearl River Delta, China: implications for fishery input source and bioaccumulation. Environ Pollut 155:150–156

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  7. Lacorte S, Raldua D, Martinez E, Navarro A, Diez S, Bayona JM, Barcelo D (2006) Pilot survey of a broad range of priority pollutants in sediment and fish from the Ebro river basin (NE Spain). Environ Pollut 140:471–482

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  8. Lanfranchi AL, Menone ML, Miglioranza KSB, Janiot LJ, Aizpún JE, Moreno VJ (2006) Striped weakfish (Cynoscion guatucupa): a biomonitor of organochlorine pesticides in estuarine and near-coastal zones. Mar Pollut Bull 52:74–80

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  9. Nakata H, Hirakawa Y, Kawazoe M, Nakabo T, Arizono K, Abe SI, Kitano T, Shimada H, Watanabe I, Li W, Ding X (2005) Concentrations and compositions of organochlorine contaminants in sediments, soils, crustaceans, fishes and birds collected from Lake Tai, Hangzhou Bay and Shanghai city region, China. Environ Pollut 133:415–429

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  10. Oh JE, Gullett B, Ryan S, Touati A (2007) Mechanistic relationships among PCDDs/Fs, PCNs, PAHs, CIPhs, and CIBzs in municipal waste incineration. Environ Sci Technol 41:4705–4710

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  11. US EPA (1988) Updated health effects assessment for chlorobenzene. Environmental Criteria and Assessment Office, U.S. EPA, Cincinnati, OH, 34 pp. ECAO-CIN-H040a

  12. Verreault J, Muir D, Norstrom R, Stirling I, Fisk A, Garielsen G, Derocher A, Evans T, Dietz R, Sonne C, Sandala G, Gebbink W, Riget F, Born E, Taylor M, Nagy J, Letcher R (2005) Chlorinated hydrocarbon contaminants and metabolites in polar bears (Ursus Maritimus) from Alaska, Canada, East Greenland, and Svalbard: 1996–2002. Sci Total Environ 351–352:369–390

    Article  Google Scholar 

  13. Wan Y, Wei QW, Hu JY, Jin XH, Zhang ZB, Zheng HJ, Liu JY (2007) Levels, tissue distribution, and age-related accumulation of synthetic musk fragrances in chinese sturgeon (acipenser sinensis): comparison to organochlorines. Environ Sci Technol 41:424–430

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  14. Wang G, Lu YL, Han JY, Luo W, Shi YJ, Wang TY, Sun YM (2010) Hexachlorobenzene sources, levels and human exposure in the environment of China. Environ Int 36:122–130

    Article  Google Scholar 

  15. Weber R, Gaus C, Johnston P, Tysklind M, Hollert H, Forter M, Heinisch E, Holoubek I, Lloyd-Smith M, Masunaga S, Moccarelli P, Santillo D, Seike N, Symons R, Torres J, Verta M, Varbelow G, Vijgen J, Watson A, Costner P, Wölz J, Wycisk P, Zennegg M (2008) Dioxin-and POP-contaminated sites—contemporary and future relevance and challenges. Environ Sci Pollut Res 15:293–363

    Article  Google Scholar 

  16. WHO-IPCS (World Health Organization–International Programme on Chemical Safety) (1997) Hexachlorobenzene, Environmental health criteria 195. World Health Orgaization, Geneva, Switzerland. Accessed 18 Aug 2010

  17. Yang ZZ, Li YF, Li ZC, Gu YM, Zhu Y, Zhang ZJ (2011) Distribution and characterization of higher chlorinated benzenes in outdoor dust collected from a fast developing city in North China. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 86:38–42

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  18. Zhang JY, Zhao W, Pan J, Qiu LM, Zhu YM (2005) Tissue-dependent distribution and accumulation of chlorobenzenes by vegetables in urban area. Environ Int 31:855–860

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

Download references


This study was financially supported by the Henan Provincial Department of Education Science and Technology Research Key Projects (12B330003), Henan Provincial Department of Education Backbone of Young College Teachers Program (2012GGJS-133) and Doctor Scientific Research Start-up Foundation of Xinxiang Medical University (09BSKYQD-006).

Author information



Corresponding author

Correspondence to Zhong-Zhi Yang.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Li, YF., Yang, ZZ., Fan, J. et al. Occurrence of Higher Chlorinated Benzenes in Livers of Grass Carp and Common Carp Collected from Markets of Xinxiang, China. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 91, 522–525 (2013).

Download citation


  • Chlorinated benzenes
  • Grass carp
  • Common carp
  • Liver