The effects of combustion of the fire crackers on the air quality in eastern Central India were studied for the first time during Diwali festival. This case study analyzes the size distribution and temporal variation of aerosols collected in the rural area of eastern Central India during pre-diwali, Diwali and post-diwali period for the year of 2011. Fifteen aerosol samples were collected during the special case study of Diwali period using Andersen sampler. The mean concentrations of PM10 (respirable particulate matter) were found to be 212.8 ± 4.2, 555.5 ± 20.2 and 284.4 ± 5.8 during pre-diwali, Diwali and post-diwali period, respectively. During Diwali festival PM10 concentration was about 2.6 and 1.9 times higher than pre-diwali and post-diwali period, respectively. PM2.5 (fine) and PM1 (submicron) concentrations during Diwali festival were more than 2 times higher than pre-diwali and post-diwali.
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The authors are grateful to Head, School of Studies in Chemistry, Pt. Ravishankar Shukla University Raipur, Chhattisgarh, India for providing necessary laboratory supports.
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Nirmalkar, J., Deb, M.K., Deshmukh, D.K. et al. Mass Loading of Size-Segregated Atmospheric Aerosols in the Ambient Air During Fireworks Episodes in Eastern Central India. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 90, 434–439 (2013). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00128-012-0938-7
- Diwali festival
- PM concentration
- Size distribution
- Spearman correlation