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Organochlorine Pesticides in Green Mussel, Perna viridis, from the Cienfuegos Bay, Cuba

Abstract

The green mussel, Perna viridis, was used to measure bioaccumulated levels of organochlorine pesticides in the marine environment of Cuba. Samples were collected in the Cienfuegos Bay between January and December 2010. The organochlorine pesticides (i.e. DDT, Dieldrin, Chlordane, Endosulfan, HCB, Aldrin, Heptachlor and Lindane) were quantified by gas chromatography. The sum of all organochlorine pesticides in P. viridis was 6.31 ng g−1. The concentration ranged from 3.53 to 4.42 ng g−1 dry weight (dw) for DDTs (i.e. sum of pp’ DDT, pp’ DDD, op’ DDE and pp’ DDE); 1.7–1.9 ng g−1 dw for Dieldrin; 0.17–0.20 ng g−1 dw for Chlordanes; 0.14–0.16 ng g−1 dw for Endosulfan; 0.11–0.17 ng g−1 dw for HCB; 0.07–0.11 ng g−1 dw for Aldrin; 0.046–0.054 ng g−1 dw for Heptachlor and 0.035–0.039 ng g−1 dw for Lindane. These levels can be considered as low when compared to reported values from similar studies conducted elsewhere in the world. The concentrations of all organochlorines residues detected in this study fell below the EU Maximum Residue Limits.

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Acknowledgments

This research work was undertaken in the framework of the IAEA TC Project CUB/7/008 ‘‘Strengthening the National System for Analysis of the Risks and Vulnerability of Cuba’s Coastal Zone through the Application of Nuclear and Isotopic Techniques’’. The International Atomic Energy Agency is grateful to the Government of the Principality of Monaco for the support provided to its Environment Laboratories. Special gratitude goes to Katherine Jones for her great help during the elaboration of the manuscript.

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Correspondence to Carlos Manuel Alonso-Hernández.

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Alonso-Hernández, C.M., Gómez-Batista, M., Cattini, C. et al. Organochlorine Pesticides in Green Mussel, Perna viridis, from the Cienfuegos Bay, Cuba. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 89, 995–999 (2012). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00128-012-0835-0

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Keywords

  • Organochlorine pesticides
  • Perna viridis
  • Cienfuegos Bay
  • Cuba