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Dissipation of Pendimethalin in Soil and Its Residues in Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) Under Field Conditions

Abstract

Disappearance of pendimethalin in the soil of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) at 0–110 days, and terminal residues in plant samples have been studied under field conditions. Pendimethalin was applied as pre-emergence herbicide at 750, 350 and 180 g a.i. ha−1 in winter, in chickpea crop. The dissipation of pendimethalin in the chickpea field soil conditions followed first order kinetics showing a half-life of 11.23 days averaged over all doses. Low pendimethalin residues were found in plant samples. 0.025, 0.015, <0.001 μg g−1 residues of pendimethalin were found in grains at 750, 350 and 185 g a.i. ha−1 treatments, respectively. Much lower pendimethalin residues were found in straw viz. 0.015 to <0.001 μg g−1 at 750, 350 and 185 g a.i. ha−1 treatments, respectively.

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Acknowledgments

Author is highly thankful to Director, Directorate of Weed Science for providing necessary facilities to conduct study. Author is also thankful to Mr Ghanshyam Vishwakarma for providing technical assistance.

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Correspondence to Shobha Sondhia.

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Sondhia, S. Dissipation of Pendimethalin in Soil and Its Residues in Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) Under Field Conditions. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 89, 1032–1036 (2012). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00128-012-0804-7

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Keywords

  • Pendimethalin residues
  • Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.)
  • Soil
  • Dissipation