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Levels of Organochlorine Pesticides Residues in Human Adipose Tissue, Data from Tabasco, Mexico

Abstract

The objective of this study was to determine the levels of organochlorine pesticides HCB, α-β-γ-HCH, p,p′-DDE, o,p′-DDT and p,p′-DDT in 150 adipose tissue of inhabitants of Tabasco, Mexico. The following pesticides were detected: p,p′-DDE in 100 % of samples at mean 1.034 mg/kg; p,p′-DDT in 96.7 % at mean 0.116 mg/kg; o,p′-DDT in 78.7 % at mean 0.022 mg/kg and β-HCH in 58.0 % at mean 0.049 mg/kg. The pooled sample was divided according to sex of donors (75 female and 75 male). Significantly higher levels of all organochlorine pesticides in females were found. The sample was divided into three age’s ranges (15–28, 29–45 and 46–84 years). The mean and median levels of β-HCH, p,p’-DDE and Σ-DDT increase significantly (p < 0.05) from the first to the second and third group. The presence of organochlorine pesticide residues in Tabasco inhabitants is still observed, indicating sources of exposure to the pesticides.

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Acknowledgments

The authors express their appreciation to Winston Smith of the Peace Corps Mexico for his help in editing this article.

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Correspondence to Stefan M. Waliszewski.

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Waliszewski, S.M., Caba, M., Rodríguez Díaz, S.S. et al. Levels of Organochlorine Pesticides Residues in Human Adipose Tissue, Data from Tabasco, Mexico. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 89, 1062–1067 (2012). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00128-012-0803-8

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Keywords

  • Organochlorine pesticides
  • Adipose tissue
  • Tabasco Mexico