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Analysis of Chlorpyrifos Agricultural Use in Regions of Frequent Surface Water Detections in California, USA

  • Xuyang ZhangEmail author
  • Keith Starner
  • Frank Spurlock
Article

Abstract

Chlorpyrifos is a common surface water contaminant in California, USA. We evaluated five years of chlorpyrifos use and surface water monitoring data in California’s principal agricultural regions. Imperial County and three central coastal regions accounted for only 10 % of chlorpyrifos statewide use, but displayed consistently high aquatic benchmark exceedances (13.2 %–57.1 %). In contrast, 90 % of use occurred in Central Valley regions where only 0.6 %–6.5 % of samples exceeded aquatic benchmarks. Differences among regions are attributable to crop type, use intensity, irrigation practices and monthly application patterns. Application method did not appear to be a factor.

Keywords

Chlorpyrifos Pesticide use Runoff Monitoring 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors would like to thank Kean Goh, Sheryl Gill, David Duncan, John Sanders and Charles Andrews for their support and guidance on the work.

Supplementary material

128_2012_791_MOESM1_ESM.doc (36 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOC 36 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC (outside the USA)  2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Environmental Monitoring BranchCalifornia Department of Pesticide RegulationSacramentoUSA

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