The purpose of our investigation was to examine the mass concentrations of EC, OC and TC (EC + OC) in PM10, PM2.5 and PM1 particle fractions. Daily PM10, PM2.5 and PM1 samples were collected at an urban background monitoring site in Zagreb during winter 2009. Average OC and EC mass concentrations were 11.9 and 1.8 μg m−3 in PM10, 9.0 and 1.4 μg m−3 in PM2.5, and 5.5 and 1.1 μg m−3 in PM1. Average OC/EC ratios in PM10, PM2.5, and PM1 were 7.4, 6.9 and 5.4, respectively.
This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.
Buy single article
Instant access to the full article PDF.
Price includes VAT (USA)
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.
Birch ME, Cary RA (1996) Elemental carbon-based method for monitoring occupational exposures to particulate diesel exhaust. Aerosol Sci Technol 25:221–241
Chen LW, Chow JC, Watson JG, Moonsmüller H, Arnott WP (2004) Modeling reflectance and transmittance of quartz-fiber filter samples containing elemental carbon particles: implications for thermal/optical analysis. Aerosol Sci 35:765–780
Ho KF, Lee SC, Chak KC, Yu JC, Chow JC, Yao XH (2003) Characterization of chemical species in PM2.5 and PM10 aerosols in Hong Kong. Atmos Environ 37:31–39
Ho KF, Lee SC, Cao JJ, Chow JC, Watson JG, Chak KC (2006) Seasonal variations and mass closure analysis of particulate matter in Hong Kong. Sci Total Environ 355:276–287
Husain L, Dutkiewicz VA, Khan AJ, Ghauri BM (2007) Characterization of carbonaceous aerosols in urban air. Atmos Environ 41:6872–6883
Lin JJ, Tai HS (2001) Concentrations and distributions of carbonaceous species in ambient particles in Kaohsiung City, Taiwan. Atmos Environ 35:2627–2636
Lonati G, Ozgen S, Giugliano M (2007) Primary and secondary carbonaceous species in PM2.5 samples in Milan (Italy). Atmos Environ 41:4599–4610
Na K, Sawant AA, Song C, Cocker DR III (2004) Primary and secondary carbonaceous species in the atmosphere of Western Riverside Country, California. Atmos Environ 38:1345–1355
Schwartz J, Chi X, Maenhaut W, Civiš M, Hovorka J, Smolík J (2008) Elemental and organic carbon in atmospheric aerosols at downtown and suburban sites in Prague. Atmos Res 90:287–302
Sillanpää M, Frey A, Hillamo R, Pennanen AS, Salonen RO (2005) Organic, elemental and inorganic carbon in particulate matter in six urban environments in Europe. Atmos Chem Phys 5:2869–2879
Turpin BJ, Saxena P, Andrews E (2000) Measuring and simulating particulate organics in the atmosphere: problems and prospects. Atmos Environ 34:2983–3013
Vecchi R, Marcazzan G, Valli G, Ceriani M, Antoniazzi C (2004) The role of atmospheric dispersion in the seasonal variation of PM1 and PM2.5 concentration and composition in the urban area of Milan (Italy). Atmos Environ 38:4437–4446
Viana M, Chi X, Maenhaut W, Querol X, Alastuey A, Mikuška P, Večeřa Z (2006) Organic and elemental carbon concentrations in carbonaceous aerosols during summer and winter sampling campaigns in Barcelona, Spain. Atmos Environ 40:2180–2193
Viana M, Maenhaut W, ten Brink HM, Chi X, Weijers E, Querol X, Alastuey A, Mikuška P, Večeřa Z (2007) Comparative analysis of organic and elemental carbon concentrations in carbonaceous aerosols in three European cities. Atmos Environ 41:5972–5983
About this article
Cite this article
Godec, R., Čačković, M., Šega, K. et al. Winter Mass Concentrations of Carbon Species in PM10, PM2.5 and PM1 in Zagreb Air, Croatia. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 89, 1087–1090 (2012). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00128-012-0787-4
- OC/EC mass ratio