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Application of Solid-Phase Microextraction Method to Determine Bioavailable Fraction of PAH in Hazardous Waste

Abstract

The solid-phase microextraction (SPME) method was developed to determine PAH free dissolved concentration (Cfree) in field leachates from hazardous waste disposal. SPME technique, involving a 100-μm polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) fiber coupled to GC–MS was optimized for determination of Cfree. The following PAH were found in bioavailable form: acenaphthylene, acenaphthene, fluorene, phenanthrene, anthracene, fluoranthene, pyrene, with Cfree varying between 2.38 and 62.35 ng/L. Conventional solvent extraction was used for measurement of total concentration (Ctotal) in the same samples, and ranging from 1.26 to 77.56 μg/L. Determining Cfree of the hydrophobic toxic pollutants could give useful information for risk assessment of the hazardous waste.

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Acknowledgments

This work was supported by target financing SF 0690001s09, from the Estonian Ministry of Education and Research. We are grateful to M.Sc. K. Joa for kind help and P. Laas for technical assistance.

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Correspondence to J. Jefimova.

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Jefimova, J., Irha, N., Mägi, R. et al. Application of Solid-Phase Microextraction Method to Determine Bioavailable Fraction of PAH in Hazardous Waste. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 89, 888–892 (2012). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00128-012-0768-7

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Keywords

  • PAH
  • SPME
  • GC–MS
  • Bioavailability
  • Hazardous wastes