Spirotetramat is a unique insecticide having both phloem and xylem mobility and imidacloprid, a neonicotinoid insecticide, is one of the most widely used in the world. The combination formulation is very effective against sucking pests of mango. Residue dynamics of spirotetramat and imidacloprid in/on mango and soil was studied following application of the combination formulation, spirotetramat 12 % + imidacloprid 12 % (240 SC) at 90 and 180 g a.i. ha−1. Spirotetramat residues in/on mango fruits were 0.327 and 0.483 mg kg−1 after giving 3 applications at 90 and 180 g a.i. ha−1, respectively. The residues remained on mango fruits for 7 days and dissipated with the half-life of 3.3 and 5.2 days, respectively. Residues of spirotetramat-enol, the major metabolite of spirotetramat in plant, were not detected in mango fruits. Initial residues of imidacloprid on mango fruits from the two treatments were 0.329 and 0.536 mg kg−1, respectively. Imidacloprid residues remained on mango fruits beyond 15 days and dissipated with the half-life of 5.2 and 8.2 days. The residues of spirotetramat, spirotetramat-enol and imidacloprid were found below quantifiable limit of 0.05 mg kg−1 in mature mango fruits and field soil at harvest.
This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.
Buy single article
Instant access to the full article PDF.
Price includes VAT (USA)
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.
Anastassiades M, Lehotay SJ, Stajnbaher D, Schenck FJ (2003) Fast and easy multiresidue method employing acetonitrile extraction/partitioning and dispersive solid-phase extraction for the determination of pesticide residues in produce. J Assoc Off Anal Chem 86:412–431
Anonymous (2008a) Biological profile of spirotetramat (Movento)-a new two-way systemic (ambimobile) insecticide against sucking pest species. http://www.bayercropscience.com/bcsweb/cropprotection.nsf/id/EN_8thArticle022008. Accessed 2 Feb 2012
Anonymous (2008b) Spirotetramat, US Environmental Protection Agency, USA 234: 1890–1893
Babczinski P, Hellpointer E (2008) Environmental fate of spirotetramat (MoventoReg.). Bayer Crop Sci J 61:181–202
Hoskins WM (1961) Mathematical treatment of loss of pesticide residues. Plant Prot Bull (FAO) 9:163–168
Lozano F, Kemper K, Tundisi H (2008) Field development of Movento® Plus for sucking pest insect control in Brazil. Bayer Crop Sci J 61:329–341
Mohapatra S, Deepa M, Jagadish GK (2011) Residues of beta cyfluthrin and imidacloprid in/on mango (Magnifera indica L). Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 87:202–207
Mohapatra S, Deepa M, Jagadish GK (2012) A simple analytical method for analysis of spirotetramat and spirotetramat-enol by HPLC. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 88:124–128
Salles LA (2002) Os insetos como vetores de patógenos de plantas. Cultivar 13:3–6
Singh M, Gupta D, Gupta PR (2010) Evaluation of imidacloprid and some biopesticides against mango hoppers, Idioscopus Clypealis (Lethierry) and Amritodus tkinsoni (Lethierry). Indian J Entomol 72:262–265
Sur R (2008) Metabolism of spirotetramat (MoventoReg.) in plants. Bayer Crop Sci J 61:227–244
van Waetermeulen X, Brück E, Elbert A, Fischer R, Krueger S, Kühnhold J, Nauen R, Niebes JF, Reckmann U, Schnorbach HJ, Steffens R (2007) Spirotetramat, an innovative fully systemic insecticide for sucking insect pest control in agriculture: biological profile and field performance. In: Proceedings of the XVI International Plant Protection Congress, Glasgow, UK Vol 1, pp 60–67
Verghese A (2000) Effect of imidacloprid, lambda cyhalothrin and azadirachtin on the mango hopper. Idioscopus niveosparsus (Leth.) (Homoptera:Cicadellidae). VI international symposium on mango. Acta Hortic 502:733–736
The authors thank the Director, IIHR Bangalore and ICAR, New Delhi for providing the facilities to carry out the work.
About this article
Cite this article
Mohapatra, S., Deepa, M., Lekha, S. et al. Residue Dynamics of Spirotetramat and Imidacloprid in/on Mango and Soil. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 89, 862–867 (2012). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00128-012-0762-0