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Residue Dynamics of Spirotetramat and Imidacloprid in/on Mango and Soil

Abstract

Spirotetramat is a unique insecticide having both phloem and xylem mobility and imidacloprid, a neonicotinoid insecticide, is one of the most widely used in the world. The combination formulation is very effective against sucking pests of mango. Residue dynamics of spirotetramat and imidacloprid in/on mango and soil was studied following application of the combination formulation, spirotetramat 12 % + imidacloprid 12 % (240 SC) at 90 and 180 g a.i. ha−1. Spirotetramat residues in/on mango fruits were 0.327 and 0.483 mg kg−1 after giving 3 applications at 90 and 180 g a.i. ha−1, respectively. The residues remained on mango fruits for 7 days and dissipated with the half-life of 3.3 and 5.2 days, respectively. Residues of spirotetramat-enol, the major metabolite of spirotetramat in plant, were not detected in mango fruits. Initial residues of imidacloprid on mango fruits from the two treatments were 0.329 and 0.536 mg kg−1, respectively. Imidacloprid residues remained on mango fruits beyond 15 days and dissipated with the half-life of 5.2 and 8.2 days. The residues of spirotetramat, spirotetramat-enol and imidacloprid were found below quantifiable limit of 0.05 mg kg−1 in mature mango fruits and field soil at harvest.

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Acknowledgments

The authors thank the Director, IIHR Bangalore and ICAR, New Delhi for providing the facilities to carry out the work.

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Correspondence to Soudamini Mohapatra.

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Mohapatra, S., Deepa, M., Lekha, S. et al. Residue Dynamics of Spirotetramat and Imidacloprid in/on Mango and Soil. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 89, 862–867 (2012). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00128-012-0762-0

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Keywords

  • Imidacloprid
  • Mango
  • Persistence
  • Spirotetramat
  • Spirotetramat-enol