Skip to main content

Copper Losses in Surface Runoff from Flatwoods Citrus Production Areas

Abstract

Crop production in areas with a high water table and poorly drained soils requires special drainage infrastructure to allow adequate rooting depth. In addition to facilitating drainage, this infrastructure also facilitates discharge of agrichemicals dissolved in drainage and runoff water. Copper export from bedded citrus production areas was evaluated using simulated rainfall events following application of copper. Copper concentrations in runoff water from individual water furrows ranged from 13 to 223 μg/L during the staged events, while copper loadings ranged from 32 to 302 g/water furrow.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2

References

  1. Bertling S, Degryse F, Wallinder IO, Smolder E, Leygraft C (2006) Model studies of corrosion-induced copper runoff fate in soil. Environ Toxicol Chem 25:683–691

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  2. Brennan RF, Gartrell JW, Robson AD (1980) Reactions of copper with soil affecting its availability to plants. I. Effect of soil type and time. Aust J Soil Res 18:447–459

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  3. Brennan RF, Gartrell JW, Robson AD (1986) The decline in the availability to plants of applied copper fertilizer. Aust J Soil Res 37:107–113

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  4. Cavallaro N, McBride MB (1978) Copper and cadmium adsorption characteristics of selected acid and calcareous soils. Soil Sci Soc Am J 42:550–556

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  5. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Land Reclamation (1975) Water measurement manual. US Government Printing Office, Denver, pp 7–42

    Google Scholar 

  6. U.S. EPA Method 3052 (1997) Microwave assisted acid digestion of siliceous and organically based matrices, Test methods for evaluating solid waste, physical/chemical methods. EPA Publ. SW-846, third edition, as amended by updates I, II, III, and IIIB finalized in the Federal Register on June 13, 1997

  7. U.S. EPA Method 6010B (1997) Inductively coupled plasma–atomic emission spectrometry, Test methods for evaluating solid waste, physical/chemical methods. EPA Publ. SW-846, third edition, as amended by updates I, II, III, and IIIB finalized in the Federal Register on June 13, 1997

  8. Ma Y, Lombi E, Nolan AL, McLaughlin MJ (2006) Short-term natural attenuation of copper in soils: effects of time, temperature, and soil characteristics. Environ Toxicol Chem 25:652–658

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  9. McLaren RG, Ritchie GSP (1993) The long-term fate of copper fertilizer applied to a lateritic sandy soil in Western Australia. Aust J Soil Res 31:39–50

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  10. Miles CJ, Pfeuffer RJ (1997) Pesticides in canals of South Florida. Arch Environ Contam Toxicol 32:337–345

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  11. Ponizovsky AA, Thakali ST, Allen HE, DiToro D, Ackerman AJ (2006) Effect of soil properties on copper release in soil solutions at low moisture content. Environ Toxicol Chem 25:671–682

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  12. Rogers ME, Dewdney MM, Spann TM (2010) 2010 Florida citrus pest management guide. University of Florida/IFAS Extension Document CPMG01. (EDIS.ufl.edu)

  13. Stover E, Wilson C, Scotto D, Salyani M (2004) Pesticide spraying in Indian River grapefruit:III. Opportunities for improving efficacy and efficiency while reducing off-target deposition. Horttechnology 14:1–11

    Google Scholar 

  14. Suave S, McBride MB, Norvell WA, Hendershot WH (1997) Copper solubility and speciation of in situ contaminated soils: effects of copper level, pH, and organic matter. Water Air Soil Pollut 100:133–149

    Article  Google Scholar 

  15. Watts FL, Stankey DL (1980) Soil survey of St. Lucie County area, Florida. United States Department of Agriculture, Soil Conservation Service. pp 183

  16. Williams JG, McLaren RG (1982) Effects of dry and moist incubation of soils on the extractability of native and applied soil copper. Plant Soil 64:215–224

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  17. Wilson PC, Boman BJ, Ferguson-Foos J (2007a) Norflurazon and simazine losses in surface runoff water from flatwoods citrus production areas. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 78(5):341–344

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  18. Wilson PC, Boman BJ, Ferguson-Foos J (2007b) Non-target deposition and losses of oxamyl in surface runoff from flatwoods citrus production areas. Environ Toxicol Chem 26:201–207

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  19. Wood C (2001) Toxic responses of the gill. In: Schlenk D, Benson WH (eds) Target organ toxicity in marine and freshwater teleosts. Taylor and Francis, New York, p 42

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Acknowledgments

Special thanks to EPA-R4 and FDACS for funding this project, and to Mace Bauer, Gerald Britt, Daniel Brolman, Brian Cain, Darren Cole, Julie Driscoll, Ward Gunter, Robert Minerva, Dana Moller, Miguel Mozdzen, Mark Roberson, Shilo Smith, Peter Strimple, Dane Vincent, and Kevin Ware for their assistance with sampling and analysis.

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to P. Chris Wilson.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Wilson, P.C., Boman, B. & Albano, J.P. Copper Losses in Surface Runoff from Flatwoods Citrus Production Areas. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 89, 751–754 (2012). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00128-012-0740-6

Download citation

Keywords

  • Pesticide
  • Water quality
  • Runoff
  • Citrus production