Skip to main content

Degradation of Propamocarb-hydrochloride in Tomatoes, Potatoes and Cucumber Using HPLC–DAD and QuEChERS Methodology


Propamocarb-hydrochloride is a widely used fungicide around the world. The dissipation of propamocarb-hydrochloride in tomatoes, potatoes and cucumber were evaluated. QuEChERS methodology before quantification using HPLC–DAD was used. Preharvest interval and maximum residue limit were 4 days and 1.0 mg kg−1 for tomatoes, 3 days and 0.5 mg kg−1 for potatoes and 7 days and 1.0 mg kg−1 for cucumber. Half-lives (t1/2) were 1.29, 2.26 and 9.05 days for tomatoes, potatoes and cucumber, respectively.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2


  1. Abd-Alrahman SH, Almaz MM, Ahmed NS (2011a) Dissipation of fungicides, insecticides, and acaricide in tomato using HPLC-DAD and QuEChERS methodology. Food Anal Methods 5:564–570

    Article  Google Scholar 

  2. Abd-Alrahman SH, Almaz MM, Osama IA (2011b) Determination of degradation rate of acaricide fenpyroximate in apple, citrus, and grape by HPLC-DAD. Food Anal Methods 5:306–3011

    Article  Google Scholar 

  3. Ambrus A, Lantos J (2002) Evaluation of the studies on decline of pesticide residues. J Agric Food Chem 50:4846–4851

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  4. Brouwer DH, de Haan M, Leenheers LH, de Vreede SA, van Hemmen JJ (1997) Half-lives of pesticides on greenhouse crops. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 58:976–984

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  5. Castillo-Sanchez J, Aguilera-Del Real A, Rodriguez-Sanchez M, Valverde-Garcia A (2000) Residue levels, decline curves, and plantation distribution of procymidone in green beans grown in greenhouse. J Agric Food Chem 48:2991–2994

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  6. FAO/WHO (2006) Joint FAO/WHO Food Standards Program. Codex Committee on Pesticide Residues CX/PR 06/38/5, February 177.

  7. Fenoll J, Ruiz E, Hellín P, Lacasa A, Flores P (2009) Dissipation rates of insecticides and fungicides in peppers grown in greenhouse and under cold storage conditions. Food Chem 113:727–732

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  8. Fernandez-Alba AR, Guil LH, Lopez GD, Chisti Y (2001) Toxicity of pesticides in wastewater: a comparative assessment of rapid bioassays. Anal Chim Acta 426:289–301

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  9. Garrido Frenich A, Martinez Vidal JL, Pastor-Montoro E, Romero-Gonzalez R (2008) High-throughput determination of pesticide residues in food commodities by use of ultra-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. Anal Bioanal Chem 390:947–959

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  10. Katagi T (2004) Photodegradation of pesticides on plant and soil surfaces. Rev Environ Contam Toxicol 182:1–189

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  11. Lehotay SJ (2007) Determination of pesticide residues in foods by acetonitrile extraction and partitioning with magnesium sulfate: collaborative study. J AOAC Int 90:485–520

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  12. Lehotay SJ, de Kok A, Hiemstra M, Van Bodegraven P (2005) Validation of a fast and easy method for the determination of residues from 229 pesticides in fruits and vegetables using gas and liquid chromatography and mass spectrometric detection. J AOAC Int 88:595–614

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  13. Lehotay SJ, Son KA, Kwon H, Koesukwiwat U, Fu W, Mastovska K, Hoh E, Leepipatpiboon N (2010) Comparison of QuEChERS sample preparation methods for the analysis of pesticide residues in fruits and vegetables. J Chromatogr A 1217:2548–2560

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  14. McCrady JK, Maggard SP (1993) Uptake and photodegradation of 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin sorbed to grass foliage. Environ Sci Technol 27:343–350

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  15. Omirou M, Vryzas Z, Papadopoulou-Mourkidou E, Economou A (2009) Dissipation rates of iprodione and thiacloprid during tomato production in greenhouse. Food Chem 116:499–504

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  16. Paya P, Anastassiades M, Mack D, Sigalova I, Tasdelen B, Oliva J, Barba A (2007) Analysis of pesticide residues using the quick easy cheap effective rugged and safe (QuEChERS) pesticide multiresidue method in combination with gas and liquid chromatography and tandem mass spectrometric detection. Anal Bioanal Chem 389:1697–1714

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  17. Tomlin CDS (2000) The pesticide manual. British Crop Protection Council, Bracknell

Download references


The project was supported by the Research Center, College of Science, King Saud University.

Author information



Corresponding author

Correspondence to Sherif H. Abd-Alrahman.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Abd-Alrahman, S.H., Almaz, M.M. Degradation of Propamocarb-hydrochloride in Tomatoes, Potatoes and Cucumber Using HPLC–DAD and QuEChERS Methodology. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 89, 302–305 (2012).

Download citation


  • Degradation
  • Fungicide
  • Propamocarb-hydrochloride
  • QuEChERS