Skip to main content

Evaluation of Coarse and Fine Particulate Sources Using a Portable Aerosol Monitor in a Desert Community

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to use a portable aerosol monitor as a preliminary screening tool to identify local sources of coarse (PM10–2.5) and fine (PM2.5) particulate matter within the Coachella Valley, a low-elevation desert community. The portable aerosol monitor proved to be useful in identifying particle sources unique to the region, namely, sand dunes with sparse ground cover (vegetation), a river wash, and diesel truck and freight train traffic. The general limitations relate to discrepancies in the fraction of PM10–2.5 when compared to regional air quality data and a lack of accurate mass-based data.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Fig. 1

References

  1. Almeida SM, Pio CA, Freitas MC, Reis MA, Trancoso MA (2005) Source apportionment of fine and coarse particulate matter in a sub-urban area at the Western European Coast. Atomos Environ 39:3127–3138

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  2. CARB (California Air Resource Board) (2008) Data retreived from air quality and meteorological information system (AQMIS2). California air resource board. Available online. http://www.arb.ca.gov/aqmis2/aqinfo.php. Accessed 3 July 2008

  3. Carvacho OF, Ashbaugh LL, Brown MS, Flocchini RG (2004) Measurement of PM2.5 emission potential from soil using the UC Davis resuspension test chamber. Geomorphology 59:75–80

    Article  Google Scholar 

  4. Chang L-T, Tang C-S, Pan Y-Z, Chan C-C (2007) Association of heart rate variability of the elderly with personal exposure to PM1, PM2.5, and PM10-2.5. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 79:552–556

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  5. Chelani AB, Gajghate DJ, Phadke KM, Gavane AG, Nema P, Hasan MZ (2005) Air quality status and sources of PM10 in Kanpur City, India. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 74:421–428

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  6. Chelani AB, Gajghate DJ, Devotta S (2008) Source apportionment of PM10 in Mumbai, India using CMB model. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 81:190–195

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  7. Kimura R, Bai L, Wang J (2009) Relationships among dust outbreaks, vegetation cover, and surface soil water content on the Loess Plateau of China, 1999–2000. Catena 77:292–296

    Article  Google Scholar 

  8. Kittelson DB, Watts WF, Johnson JP, Ragatz AC (2010) A new method for the real-time measurement of diesel aerosol. In: Center for Diesel Research. University of Minnesota Mechanical Engineering. Available online. http://www.me.umn.edu/centers/cdr/reports/nioshrealtime.pdf. Accessed 18 Nov 2011

  9. Lipsett MJ, Tsai FC, Roger L, Woo M, Ostro BD (2006) Coarse particles and heart rate variability among older adults with coronary artery disease in the Coachella Valley, Caliornia. Environ Health Perspec 114:1215–1220

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  10. Mohanraj R, Solaraj G, Dhanakumar S (2011) PM 2.5 and PAH concentrations in urban atmosphere of Tiruchirappalli, India. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 87:330–335

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  11. Ostro B, Hurley S, Lipsett M (1999) Air pollution and daily mortality in the Coachella Valley, California: a study of PM10 dominated by coarse particles. Environ Res 81:231–238

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  12. Ostro BD, Broadwin R, Lipsett MJ (2000) Coarse and fine particles and daily mortality in the Coachella Valley, California: a follow-up study. J Expo Anal Environ Epidemiol 10:412–419

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  13. US EPA (United States Environmental Protection Agency) (2011) Particulate matter (PM-10) nonattainment area/state/county report. In EPA Green Book. US EPA. Available online. http://www.epa.gov/oaqps001/greenbk/pnca.html. Accessed 10 Nov 2011

  14. Zhu X, Ma F, Luan H, Wu D, Wang T (2010) Evaluation and comparison of measurement methods for personal exposure to fine particles in Beijing, China. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 84:29–33

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

Download references

Acknowledgments

This research was conducted under the auspices of the Palm Springs Institute for Environmental Sustainability. Grateful acknowledgement is extended to Fred Jandt of California State University, San Bernardino (CSUSB), and to the CSUSB Center for the Promotion of Health Disparities Research and Training, for their support. The work was also funded in part by a grant from the National Institute of Minority Health and Health Disparities (5 P20 MD 002722).

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Robert N. Phalen.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Phalen, R.N., Coleman, T. Evaluation of Coarse and Fine Particulate Sources Using a Portable Aerosol Monitor in a Desert Community. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 89, 380–383 (2012). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00128-012-0672-1

Download citation

Keywords

  • Coarse particulates
  • Fine particulates
  • Air pollution
  • Emission sources