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Air Quality Status During Diwali Festival of India: A Case Study

Abstract

The PM2.5 and PM10 samples were collected during Diwali celebration from study area and characterized for ionic concentration of four anions (NO3 , NO2 , Cl, SO4 2−) and five cations (K+, Mg2+, NH4 +, Ca2+, Na+). The results showed that the ionic concentrations were three times compared to those on pre and post Diwali days. Predominant ions for PM2.5 were K+ 33.7 μg/m3, Mg+ 31.6 μg/m3, SO4 2− 22.1 μg/m3, NH4 + 17.5 μg/m3 and NO3 18 μg/m3 and for PM10 the ionic concentrations were Mg+ 29.6 μg/m3, K+ 26 μg/m3, SO4 2− 19.9 μg/m3, NH4 + 16.8 μg/m3 and NO3 16 μg/m3. While concentration of SO2 and NO2 were 17.23, 70.33 μg/m3 respectively.

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Acknowledgments

The authors are grateful to Director, National Environmental Engineering Research Institute, Nehru Marg, Nagpur—440020, India, for providing encouragement and facilities to carry out this work and for permission to publish these findings.

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Correspondence to Padma S. Rao.

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Rao, P.S., Gajghate, D.G., Gavane, A.G. et al. Air Quality Status During Diwali Festival of India: A Case Study. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 89, 376–379 (2012). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00128-012-0669-9

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Keywords

  • Ambient aerosol
  • Ions
  • Diwali
  • Crackers