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Transfer of Copper, Lead and Zinc in Soil–Grass Ecosystem in Aspect of Soils Properties, in Poland


The total metal concentrations in soil samples from polluted area (roadside soils) ranged from 13.87 to 195.76 mg/kg for Cu; 13.56–310.17 mg/kg for Pb and 18.43–894.11 mg/kg for Zn and they were, respectively about 5, 2 and 13 times above the corresponding values in soil samples from country area. The mean values of EDTA-extractable concentrations in soil samples at unpolluted sites were: 2.47 mg/kg for Cu, 6.33 mg/kg for Pb and 4.94 mg/kg for Zn. The highest concentrations of Cu, Pb and Zn in grass were measured in soils from polluted area. Higher values of proportions of EDTA-extractable metals (24% for Cu, 40% for Pb and 38% for Zn) indicate that anthropogenic metals were more mobile and bioavailable than the same metals in soils from unpolluted area (20, 16 and 20% for Cu, Pb and Zn, respectively). The availability of Cu, Pb and Zn are affected by soil properties such as pH, organic matter content and cation exchange capacity. Correlation between the EDTA-extractable forms concentrations of metals and the total concentration in the various soils was observed. The coefficients of determination (R2) varied between 0.809 for Cu; 0,709 for Pb and 0.930 for Zn in polluted soils and they are higher than corresponding values in unpolluted soils.

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Correspondence to Krystyna Niesiobędzka.

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Niesiobędzka, K. Transfer of Copper, Lead and Zinc in Soil–Grass Ecosystem in Aspect of Soils Properties, in Poland. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 88, 627–633 (2012).

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  • Metals
  • Availability forms
  • Soil
  • Grass
  • Transfer factor