Concentrations of cobalt, nickel, cooper, zinc and lead in the top-soils (0–10 cm) from a former Havana solid waste open dump were estimated by X-ray fluorescence analysis. The mean metal contents in the dump topsoil samples (in mg kg−1: 8.4 ± 2.7 for cobalt, 50 ± 27 for nickel, 252 ± 80 for copper, 489 ± 230 for zinc and 276 ± 140 for lead) were compared with mean concentrations from Havana urban soils and from other solid waste disposals around the world. The comparison with Dutch soil quality guidelines showed a serious cooper contamination and a slight contamination with the rest of determined metals. The values of the integrated pollution index (mean index = 3.5) indicated that dump soils are highly contaminated by metals, and the enrichment index values shows that metal concentrations on the studied locations are above the permissible levels for urban agriculture.
This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.
Buy single article
Instant access to the full article PDF.
Price includes VAT (USA)
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.
Acosta JA, Faz A, Martínez-Martínez S, Arocena JM (2011) Enrichment of metals in soils subjected to different land uses in a typical Mediterranean environment (Murcia City, southeast Spain). Appl Geochem 26:405–414
Altieri MA, Companioni N, Cañizares K, Murphy C, Rosset P, Bourque M, Nicholls CI (1999) The greening of the “barrios”: urban agriculture for food security in Cuba. Agric Hum Values 16:131–140
Bretzel FC, Calderisi M (2011) Contribution of a municipal solid waste incinerator to the trace metals in the surrounding soil. Environ Monit Assess 182:523–533
Chen TB, Zheng YM, Lei M, Huang ZC, Wu HT, Chen H, Fan KK, Yu K, Wu X, Tian QZ (2005) Assessment of heavy metal pollution in surface soils of urban parks in Beijing, China. Chemosphere 60:542–551
Díaz Rizo O, Echevarría Castillo F, Arado López JO, Hernández Merlo M (2011) Concentrations of heavy metals in urban soils of Havana city, Cuba. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 87:414–419
Ferré-Huguet N, Nadal M, Mari M, Schuhmacher M, Borrajo MA, Domingo JL (2007) Monitoring metals near a hazardous waste incinerator. Temporal trend in soils and herbage. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 79:130–134
Gupta D, Chatterjee JM, Ghosh R, Mitra AK, Roy S, Sarkar M (2007) Elemental uptake of radish grown near a municipal solid waste dumping site by EDXRF. J Radioanal Nucl Chem 274(2):389–395
Gupta D, Chatterjee JM, Ghosh R, Mitra AK, Roy S, Sarkar M (2010) Radioisotope-induced EDXRF investigation of elemental uptake in cauliflower grown at MSW-contaminated site. X-ray Spectrom 39:364–371
He PJ, Xiao Z, Shao LM, Yu JY, Lee DJ (2006) In situ distributions and characteristics of heavy metals in full-scale landfill layers. J Hazard Mater B137:1385–1394
Kabata-Pendias A, Pendias H (2001) Trace elements in soils and plants, 3rd edn. CRC, New York, pp 10–20
Krishna AK, Govil PK (2007) Soil contamination due to heavy metals from an industrial area of Surat, Gujarat, Western India. Environ Monit Assess 124:263–275
Lee JS, Chon HT, Kim KW (1998) Migration and dispersion of trace elements in the rock–soil–plant system in areas underlain by black shales and slates of the Okchon Zone, Korea. J Geochem Explor 65:61–78
Padilla R, Markowicz A, Wegrzynek D, Chinea E, Bamford SA, Hernández D (2007) Quality management and method validation in EDXRF analysis. X-ray Spectrom 36:27–34
Quevauviller Ph, Marrier E (1995) Quality assurance and quality control for environmental monitoring, VCH, Weinheim
Rimmer DL, Vizard CG, Pless-Mulloli T, Singleton I, Air VS, Keatinge ZAF (2006) Metal contamination of urban soils in the vicinity of a municipal waste incinerator: one source among many. Sci Total Environ 356:207–216
Sun Y, Zhou Q, Xie X, Liu R (2010) Spatial, sources and risk assessment of heavy metal contamination of urban soils in typical regions of Shenyang, China. J Hazard Mater 174:455–462
Swartjes AF (1999) Risk-based assessment of soil and groundwater quality in the Netherlands: standards and remediation urgency. Risk Anal 18(6):1235–1249
Waheed S, Siddique N, Hamid Q, Chaudhry MM (2010) Assessing soil pollution from a municipal waste dump in Islamabad, Pakistan: a study by INAA and AAS. J Radioanal Nucl Chem 285:723–732
WinAxil (2005) WinAxil code.Version 4.5.2. WinAxil, CANBERRA MiTAC
About this article
Cite this article
Díaz Rizo, O., Hernández Merlo, M., Echeverría Castillo, F. et al. Assessment of Metal Pollution in Soils From a Former Havana (Cuba) Solid Waste Open Dump. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 88, 182–186 (2012). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00128-011-0505-7
- Urban soils
- Metal pollution
- Solid waste dump