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Persistent Organic Pollutants in Muscle and Feather of Ten Avian Species from Māzandarān Province of Iran, on the Coast of the Caspian Sea


Feather and muscle of 10 avian species (n = 46), were analyzed for polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and organochlorine pesticides (OCPs). Muscle contained significantly higher PCB and OCP than liver and feather. Mean muscle and feather PCB was 408.5 ± 134.5 and 32 ± 4.5 ng/g wet weight. Highly chlorinated PCBs were found in muscle and liver while feather had PCBs with less chlorination. Gulls had highest levels of both pollutants. Gull feather PCB and OCP were strongly correlated with their levels in the liver and muscle tissues (0.6 < r < 0.9, p < 0.01). Analysis of gull feather can be used as a non-invasive method for monitoring organic pollutants.

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Correspondence to Fateme Rajaei or Mozhgan Savabieasfahani.

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Rajaei, F., Sari, A.E., Bahramifar, N. et al. Persistent Organic Pollutants in Muscle and Feather of Ten Avian Species from Māzandarān Province of Iran, on the Coast of the Caspian Sea. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 87, 678–683 (2011).

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  • Polychlorinated biphenyls and organochlorine pesticides
  • Liver
  • Muscle
  • Feather
  • Avian
  • Māzandarān Province of Iran